Prof Oleksii Korzh

Head of the Department of General Practice – Family Medicine (Kharkiv National Medical University)

Started soon after Russian armed forces invaded Ukraine, Prof Korzh reports weekly  from Kharkiv on the medical and humanitarian situation in his city. Read his impressive testimonials!

20-02-2024 Kharkiv during the war

The Russian army has increased pressure in the north of the Kharkiv region. Populated areas along the Ukrainian-Russian border are bombarded with guided bombs and C-300 missiles. There have never been such attacks before. Russia previously used guided bombs only along the front line, in the Kupyansk direction, and not in other border settlements. This could be either terror of the local population or an attempt to distract the Ukrainian Armed Forces from the main directions where assault operations are ongoing.

The warhead of the Kh-59 “Ovod” cruise missile was destroyed in the Kharkiv region. A Russian missile was shot down by an air defense unit last week. Explosive experts from the combined police squad arrived at the scene. They found a surviving missile warhead containing 300 kilograms of explosives. Explosive technicians transported it to a special site and neutralized it.

In the Kharkiv region, the authorities continue to block the spread of oil that leaked into rivers after the Russian shelling on February 9. To block the spread of oil products in the Nemyshl and Uda rivers, absorbent booms are placed. Last week, more than 250 meters of such barriers were installed in the rivers, and work continues. Sorbents are also used to absorb oil. They absorb oil stains on the surface of the water and prevent them from spreading further downstream. To date, more than four tons of sorbents have been poured into the water. Switzerland promises to help with sorbents.

In recent months, Kharkiv residents are more often turning to veterinarians with complaints of cardiovascular diseases of their pets. Cats and dogs, just like people, suffer from shelling. Chronic stress causes health problems in pets and changes in behavior. During the war, Kharkiv cats and dogs learned to hide behind two walls on their own, to predict missile attacks, and the bears in the zoo were even forced to restore their regime after being awakened from hibernation by explosions in the middle of winter.

13-02-2024 Kharkiv during the war

On the night of Saturday, February 10, Russia struck Kharkiv with Iranian kamikaze drones, the attack caused a fire in residential buildings. As a result of night shelling, seven people died, including three children. The fire started after three drones hit the oil depot, where there was an explosion and leakage of fuel and lubricants, after which the flames spread to neighboring houses. In one of the private houses, a family of five people died in a fire: a husband and wife and their three children, seven and four years old, and a seven-month-old baby.

During air alarms, parents and children hid in the basement. But this time, flames burst into the yard. When the family ran to the basement, two cars and fuel were already burning near their house. All of them appeared in a fiery trap. It was preliminarily established that the older and younger boys were with their mother. And a four-year-old ran after his father. The man probably lost consciousness first, and the baby huddled in a corner in the kitchen. That’s where his body was discovered. The mother with her two other sons tried to survive hiding in the bathroom, holding the children in her arms. All of them were very badly burned, and a DNA examination was needed for final conclusions. On February 11, Kharkiv declared a day of mourning for those killed in the Russian drone attack.

In a village in the Kharkiv region, Russian drones destroyed a cafe, a morgue and a surgical department. As a result of the enemy attack, residential buildings and outbuildings were damaged.

The Kharkiv metro continues to play the role of the largest shelter in the city. At all metro stations you can take shelter during the curfew, but only during air alarms. After the alarm is over, citizens are asked to leave the metro.

“Veterinaries Without Borders” visited the Kharkiv region again. This year, more than 200 animals in the Kharkiv region have already been sterilized. In addition, animals will be vaccinated for free. Because of the full-scale invasion, domestic cats and dogs, which are often not sterilized, are left without owners. On the street, they breed uncontrollably, constantly increasing the population of homeless animals, which can pose a serious threat to the ecological situation in Ukraine. The only humane way to control the number of stray cats and dogs and prevent ecological catastrophe is sterilization.

06-02-2024 Kharkiv during the war

The Russians killed a two-month-old baby during a missile attack on the Kharkiv region on February 6, 2024. A three-story hotel came under fire. Rescuers recovered the baby’s body from under the rubble of the building. Three women, 21, 28 and 39 years old, were hospitalized with blast injuries and shrapnel wounds, including the mother of the deceased child.

In the Kupyansk direction, the Russian army concentrated 42 000 military personnel, 533 tanks, 430 artillery systems and 160 multiple launch rocket systems. Their personnel are quite diverse. In particular, there are “Storm-Z” and “Storm-V” military units, consisting of the former prisoners. Other units are also involved.

In Kharkiv, the city authorities are working to create conditions for the residents and businesses to return to the city more actively. The safety of people and businesses is of primary concern. It is also necessary to create comfortable conditions so that people return, so that they have a place to live and a place to work, because Kharkiv is an industrial center. Today, work is underway to support new, creative businesses. In addition, kindergartens and schools need to be open. This will also create conditions for business to return.

A step-by-step plan for the restoration of the central part of the city, which was heavily damaged as a result of Russian shelling, is now being developed. In general, the damage caused by the enemy to Kharkiv now amounts to 10 billion dollars.

The city of Nuremberg handed over a batch of buses to Kharkiv. Seven buses have already arrived in Kharkiv and will soon begin operating on the city routes.

“Forced migrants” – two white tigers, a boy and a girl – were returned to the eco-park near Kharkiv. Two more animals, two brothers, will be the next. And by spring it is planned to return another group of large predators to the delight of children, in particular, their favorites – tiger cubs. Not all enclosures in the eco-park have been restored yet, and demining of the territory has not been completed. However, the eco-park continues to work to fully recover and return all the animals.

30-01-2024 Kharkiv during the war

Since the beginning of the month, 21 people have been killed in the Kharkiv region as a result of Russian shelling. Among the dead is an 8-year-old girl who was found under the rubble of a house after shelling of the village of Zhukovsky in Kharkiv. Also in January, about 180 residents of the region were injured, 20 of them were children.

In addition, about 250 houses were damaged due to shelling. The degree of destruction varies. There are houses that should be inspected to determine the possibility of their restoration, there are those that have minor damage, but still there is a lot of work to be done. Every house must be inspected before people return to their apartments.

The Kharkiv region is on the list of regions where underground shelters for schoolchildren will be built using donor money. The European Commission will provide money for their construction. The new shelters will be located underground, next to schools, and will also be equipped with radiation protection. They will accommodate up to a thousand people and reach approximately 2 thousand square meters. The shelters will have a dual purpose, because they will not only protect from danger, but will also be designed as open spaces in which children can continue their studies during times of alarm and conduct extra-curricular activities.

Members of the Kharkiv City Council voted for new names for 65 toponyms, the names of which were associated with the Soviet Union, Russia and its allies. The vast majority of these are small streets, entrances, passages, but there are two streets in the very center of Kharkiv: Pushkinskaya Street is now called Grygoriy Skovoroda Street, and Romain Rolland Street – Les Kurbas Street after the famous Ukrainian poet and theatre director respectively. Also returning to the map are historical names, prominent cultural and historical figures and heroes of the Russian-Ukrainian war.

Kharkiv bookstores collect Russian books for waste paper. The Kharkiv publishing house, together with volunteers, collects waste paper in order to use the proceeds to purchase a car for the mobile fire group of “drone hunters.” They encourage people to bring waste paper and Russian books to bookstores for recycling. Recycled paper is collected in Kharkiv, Kyiv, Lviv and Ivano-Frankivsk.

23-01-2024 Kharkiv during the war

Shelling occurs almost every day, and residential areas are among the targets. Since the end of the last year, the Russian army has intensified its attacks on Kharkiv, using Iskander missiles, C-300s and drones. For the most part, the city center with its high density buildings is under attack.

On the evening of January 16, the Russian military hit the center of Kharkiv with missiles. 17 people were injured, 16 of them were women aged from 38 to 90 years old. The facades of about 20 apartment buildings were damaged, the premises of a 3-story private medical facility were partially destroyed, as well as 14 cars.

As a result of the Russian terrorist attack on Kharkiv on the morning of January 23, 8 people are already known to have died due to a missile attack on civilian buildings. The body of an 8-year-old girl was pulled out from under the rubble. Most likely, this child is the daughter of a dead woman who was found under the rubble earlier. 62 wounded as a result of Russian strikes were taken to hospitals. The shelling damaged more than 100 multi-storey buildings.

After the winter holidays, classes resumed at one of the city’s lyceums. This became possible thanks to the equipped shelter, where three classrooms were created at the expense of donors. About a hundred students can study here every day in two shifts. Students do not attend offline lessons every day, but on a rotating basis, several times a week; on other days they study online. All lessons take place in sheltered classrooms.

Kharkiv, which used to attract students from all over Ukraine for many decades, had every chance of losing this status due to a full-scale war. Escaping from the bombing of the Russian army, foreign and Ukrainian students, their teachers and their families fled from the city. Universities resumed online teaching in spring 2022. The result exceeded expectations – more students entered Kharkiv universities last year than in a pre-war 2021. And some universities have even opened their subsidiaries abroad and are recruiting students from among Ukrainian refugees.

16-01-2024 Kharkiv during the war

The consequences of air strikes on Kharkiv carried out by the Russians on December 30 and January 2 are being eliminated. Due to the shelling, many residential buildings were damaged. The windows were covered with OSB boards. Residents of the houses apply to the state for the compensation for their damaged property.

Missile attacks on Kharkiv hotels are a deliberate intimidation of foreign journalists covering the war in the Kharkiv region. Correspondents from the Turkish media Anadolu Agency were injured during a rocket attack on the Park Hotel; on New Year’s Eve, a journalist from the German TV channel ZDF was injured at the Kharkiv Palace Hotel on Freedom Square. Unfortunately, there are already examples when foreign journalists refused to go to Kharkiv.

A massive attack on the center of Kharkiv was carried out by short-range missiles from North Korea. The identity of the missiles that hit Kharkiv on January 2 was confirmed by military experts at the Office of the Prosecutor General, who were at the scene of the attack and preliminary examined and analyzed parts of the missiles.

Modular clinics have appeared in three settlements of the Kharkiv region. The project to install modular clinics in the deoccupied territories of Ukraine is carried out by the World Health Organization. Such clinics replace those destroyed or severely damaged due to Russian shelling and can last up to ten years. In total, there are now 14 modular clinics across Ukraine. Medical facilities are equipped with generators for uninterrupted power supply and fans that maintain optimal temperatures. They are also equipped with necessary amenities, including electricity, sanitary facilities, waiting rooms, etc.

In uncertain times when safety is paramount, ensuring children’s access to studying can be a challenge. This is where the underground school becomes a relevant and important initiative that makes it possible to provide children with education even in the most difficult current conditions. The main idea is to create modern educational facilities that can serve as a shelter during the war. Of course, underground schools have some nuances, such as limited space and financial costs for equipping the premises. One more underground school is being built in the Industrial district of Kharkiv. All the works are carried out according to the plan, and students will be welcomed here in March.

09-01-2024 Kharkiv during the war

Starting from December 29, 2023, there have already been more than 50 drone and missile strikes in Kharkiv. Every day, the Russian army destroys the homes and businesses of Kharkiv residents. On December 30, at 19:00 and 19:20, at least six Russian missiles hit Kharkiv. Law enforcement officers discovered the wreckage of Iskander missile. As a result of the shelling, residential buildings, hotels, the Regional clinical hospital, the Regional dental clinic, two city hospitals and transport were damaged.

On New Year’s Eve, the Russians tried to intimidate Ukrainians. On the night of December 31, the occupiers attacked Kharkiv with drones. Some of them hit the city centre, as a result, cafes, residential buildings, a bank branch, the Institute of Metrology, administrative buildings and offices were damaged.

On the morning of January 2, the Russian occupiers launched a missile attack on Kharkiv with at least 6 ballistic missiles of an unknown type that hit the residential infrastructure. Some civilians were killed, some were injured. There were several strikes in the city center and in residential areas. A fire started there, causing damage to multi-apartment residential buildings, household buildings, other civil infrastructure and cars. In total, more than a hundred houses were damaged in Kharkiv during the week of shelling.

On the morning of January 2, our house was also damaged. It was 7:30 am. The first strike was so strong that the house swayed as if on a swing. Many residents’ armored front doors were torn from their hinges. 20 seconds later our house was hit. There was cement slurry in the apartment, there were twisted window frames lying around, shards of glass everywhere, curtains hanging from somewhere and mixed things in concrete dust with glass chips on the floor. Cars were burning outside. A crater in the yard looked like a steam locomotive could be placed there. The once beautiful, well-groomed street with lots of flowers, greenery and small shops was destroyed, littered with construction debris, and all the surrounding houses stood with blown out windows. Further down the street, houses that did not face the explosion site were partially damaged. There were many injured people. In one place a gas torch was burning. And there was a feeling of unreality of what was happening.

On the morning of January 8, the Russians attacked Kharkiv again. The occupiers hit the industrial facilities of the city. The enemy launched a massive attack on the Kharkiv region on the night of January 7-8, using anti-aircraft guided missiles, cruise missiles and guided air missiles launched from the Belgorod region.

26-12-2023 Kharkiv during the war

Kharkiv residents celebrate Christmas for the second time during the war. To ensure order, security measures have been strengthened. Security is provided by law enforcement agencies and the military. Residents of the city are urged to listen to air raid signals, observe the curfew and remember the ban on the use of pyrotechnics.

Works to strengthen defense capabilities continue in the Kharkiv region. Now a new fortification project is being planned in the region. A large-scale fortification will include tons of concrete and kilometers of ditches. Fortifications will protect both civilians and the military personnel on the battlefield. Sometimes a defensive line has to be built 1-3 kilometers from the Russian positions.

Sappers in the Kharkiv region destroyed a 500-kilogram aerial bomb. After the last bombing, the bomb landed in the courtyard of a private household and did not explode. Sappers who arrived at the site unscrewed the fuse of the aerial bomb, after which they transported it to the explosion site and destroyed by detonation.

In the Kharkiv region, healthcare facilities continue to prepare for a possible outbreak of acute respiratory viral infection, influenza and COVID-19. Replenishment of vaccines and equipment checks are carried out constantly. Now the incidence rate is below the epidemic threshold. Despite this, people at risk are encouraged to get routine vaccinations. Medical institutions in the region are provided with recommended vaccines in the required quantities.

Poland donated seven ambulances to doctors in Kharkiv and the region. They are equipped in accordance with European standards. Doctors constantly need cars because they also work in front-line areas.

The government of Saxony transferred 11 electric generators and three minibuses to the Kharkiv region. The vehicles will be used to evacuate residents from border areas and areas affected by shelling in the region and transport displaced persons. Electric generators will be given to important infrastructure facilities, in particular, to medical institutions and heating plants in those settlements that suffered the most during the war.

19-12-2023 Kharkiv during the war

The Russians again attacked Kharkiv with a C-300 missile from the Belgorod region of the Russian Federation. The missile hit the ground near residential buildings. The explosion was heard in different parts of the city. The “strategic targets” were a store, a garage and a private car.

In Kharkiv it is planned to create a Center for preparing the population for national resistance. At the Center, residents will be trained how to offer resistance: they will be taught how to counteract saboteurs and enemy reconnaissance groups, the basics of mine safety and pre-hospital care. Attention will be paid to the formation of national self-awareness, an active public position, instilling respect for the state language and state symbols of Ukraine, national, historical, cultural values ​​of Ukraine.

Recently, talks have been resumed about Russia’s intention to occupy Kharkiv. Provided that the city is defended in an organized manner, it is impossible to capture Kharkiv with the forces that the Russian Federation is capable of amassing. Cause damage – yes, but not capture. The only chance for the Russians is to undermine the will to resist, to paralyze the defense from the inside. Kharkiv should turn for the EU and NATO as one of the main centres for dealing with the threat posed by Russia, for moderating what is happening on the Russian territory. In Kharkiv, there is a basic intellectual capital for this, which can be increased, and an undeniable advantage – the absence of a language barrier. An international tribunal should be set up in Kharkiv to prosecute Russian criminals.

The Russian occupiers in the Kupyansk direction are unhappy that they are not properly provided with winter clothes and medical care. There was an outbreak of the so-called “mouse fever” in many units. The disease is viral in nature and is transmitted to humans from rodents through direct contact with the pathogen, as a result of inhalation of dust from mouse excrement or contamination of food products consumed by humans. Symptoms of mouse fever include severe headache, body temperature up to 40 degrees, rash and redness, decreased blood pressure, bleeding in the eyes, nausea, and vomiting several times a day.

13-12-2023 Kharkiv during the war

The number of the Russians killed in the war in the Eastern Ukraine is about eight times higher than the number of the losses of the Ukrainian defense forces. The Russian occupiers are conducting offensives with the aim of blocking Kupyansk. To do this, they transfer their reserves to this direction.

On the night of December 8, Russian troops launched six strikes on Kharkiv with C-300 missiles. The children’s playground was hit, residential buildings, an educational institution and about 20 cars were damaged, all of them being civilian objects.

The flame of peace from Bethlehem is being delivered by rail throughout Ukraine. In the evening of Sunday, December 10, the Bethlehem flame of peace arrived in Kharkiv. The stand with the Bethlehem flame is located in the waiting room of the “Kharkiv-Passazhyrsky” railway station.

The experimental project “Veteran’s assistant” is being implemented in Kharkiv. 10 candidates successfully passed the interviews. These are war veterans, military wives and military widows. Candidates will undergo a three-week training at the Center for Veterans’ Development on the basis of the Karazin National University. After the training, they will be engaged in supporting veterans, helping them in obtaining the necessary certificates, looking for training and employment programs, and the like.

Due to a large-scale failure in the Kyivstar mobile network, more than 60 settlements in the Kharkiv region remained without mobile connection. Until the Kyivstar network is restored, residents can use the Internet and mobile connection in “Points of invincibility”. Gradually the problem is being solved. The work of the emergency services was not affected by the failure in Kyivstar. However, there were problems with the air alarm. Residents were advised to use applications that notify about the air alarms.

06-12-2023 Kharkiv during the war

On the afternoon of December 5, the Kharkiv region was attacked by the Russian military. As a result of the attack, the outpatient clinic building was destroyed. In addition, medical vehicles, the central gas pipeline system and power lines were damaged. As of the morning of December 6, more than 2 thousand residents of the Kharkiv region were left without electricity and gas supplies due to Russian shelling. Enemy strikes damaged electrical networks and gas pipelines.

A new wave of evacuation may begin in the Kharkiv region, on the territories close to Kupyansk. The Russians do not stop their attempts to break through the defense in the direction of Kupyansk. Therefore, it is necessary to build fortifications. Before this, local authorities should make a decision to evacuate people so that they do not interfere with the military. There is no direct threat to local residents now; the so-called gray zone is stable. The enemy is trying to re-occupy the city of Kupyansk; now there are 6-8 assaults in this direction. The Russians are using the “Assault Z” squads of former prisoners.

Three underground schools are being built in the Kharkiv region. In most cities of Ukraine, the academic year is conducted in person. Children study in classrooms, go down to the simplest shelters when the air raid alarm sounds, and return to their desks after the alarm. Kharkiv cannot afford this because of the C-300 missiles flying towards the city from neighboring Belgorod. Soon children will have the opportunity to study underground, because metro school classes were not enough: classes for more than 1,100 children were organized at metro stations from September 1 and at the end of November it was reported that the possibilities had been exhausted.

The city has experience and plans in case of possible blackouts as a result of Russian shelling of Kharkiv energy infrastructure. The city is ready for blackouts, “invincibility points” are working, many supermarkets, shops and pharmacies are equipped with generators. Mobile operators promised to maintain mobile communication in Kharkiv in the event of prolonged power outages.

28-11-2023 Kharkiv during the war

Since the beginning of the full-scale invasion, Russia has been specifically destroying educational facilities in the Kharkiv region. Schools and kindergartens suffered from Russian shells and missiles, perhaps no less than our energy system. In the region, 602 educational facilities were damaged or destroyed – these are kindergartens, schools, special technical education institutions and higher education institutions. In Kharkiv alone, 61% of schools and 46% of kindergartens were damaged.

Despite the fact that Kharkiv is still considered a front-line city and is shelled by Russian troops almost every day, people continue to return here. In addition, the city has become one of the largest hubs for migrants from even more dangerous territories. Now the city is home to about 1.3 million people.

Against this background, small and medium-sized businesses are resuming work in the city – here you can already find open cafes, bookstores, and even pubs and night (or rather, evening) clubs.

For the second year in a row, because of the war, the Kharkiv metro will host mass events for St. Nicholas Day, Christmas and New Year, so it is being decorated for the winter holidays. The center of the composition is the house of St. Nicholas, next to it stands a decorated Christmas tree and two deer. There is also a mailbox near the house where children can leave their letters with requests to St. Nicholas. The festive composition is decorated with illumination and Christmas decor.

Today Ukraine bows its head to the memory of our compatriots who died from artificial famine in the 30s of the last century. The Holodomor of the Ukrainian people was perpetrated by the same Russia that is now trying to destroy us with missiles and drones. In Kharkiv, the 90th anniversary of the Holodomor was celebrated by lighting 90 candles at the “Everything for the Victory” tent on Freedom Square.

21-11-2023 Kharkiv during the war

Trade enterprises, restaurants, markets and trading platforms, consumer services facilities, gas stations continue to resume their operations, some partially, some completely. Compared to January 2023, the number of trade enterprises in Kharkiv has increased by 6% and restaurants – by almost 9%. Retail turnover increased by 30% compared to last year.

The number of residents of Kharkiv since the beginning of the full-scale war has decreased by 200 000 people. As of January 1, 2022, more than 1.4 million people lived in Kharkiv, and as of October 1, 2023, there were almost 1.2 million people – that is, 14.3% less than before the war. The decrease in population is due to the natural movement and the fact that some Kharkiv residents don’t return home due to constant shelling of the city and loss of their housing.

Since the de-occupation of the northern and eastern parts of the region – more than a year ago – there have been 245 cases when civilians were blown up with Russian explosives and mines. In particular, 50 people were killed, 195 were injured and mutilated. In the past week alone, one person was killed and two were injured by enemy mines. Deoccupied areas and settlements where fighting took place still remain potentially dangerous.

With the assistance of international partners, renovations have already been completed in 6 educational institutions. With the help of the UN Office for Project Services, 21 educational institutions that were slightly damaged as a result of the full-scale Russian invasion are being restored this year. One of the most important aspects in restoration is the building of simple shelters in educational facilities.

Since the beginning of the full-scale invasion, more than 3,600 children have been born in Kharkiv. Over the past week, 46 children were born in the city. The record number of newborns during the entire period of the full-scale invasion appeared in the city in the period from August 17 to August 24, 2023 – 42 boys and 33 girls (75 children).

14-11-2023 Kharkiv during the war

On the evening of November 12, two powerful explosions were heard in the center of Kharkiv. The Russian army again shelled the regional center from Belgorod using the S-300 missile system.

Over the past 24 hours, Russia has shelled the Kharkiv region from the artillery, mortars and aircraft. In the Kupyansk direction, the Russian military carried out seven attacks. A total of 404 shellings by the enemy were recorded.

Another modular emergency medical care clinic has appeared in Kharkiv. It was installed in the Northern Saltivka area. The Polish government helped to open the modular clinic. Modular houses are equipped with everything necessary for the safe and comfortable work of medical teams. There are patient examination rooms, rooms where staff can rest etc. The houses are connected to electricity, water supply and sewerage. An alternative power supply system is also provided – an electric generator and solar panels.

The first underground school shelter is being built near Kharkiv. Construction work on the site of the future shelter has already begun. It is planned that about 500 people will be able to stay in the shelter at the same time (this is the number of students and teachers of the school in Korotich). In addition, during an air raid, people from a nearby kindergarten, as well as offices and other organizations will be able to take refuge in it. The shelter will have several rooms, sanitary rooms, 3 exits, it will be equipped with an autonomous source of electricity and will be able to withstand a direct hit of an S-300 missile.

With the outbreak of hostilities in the Kharkiv region, the most picturesque territories and nature reserves came under fire of the Russians. Rare animals and birds die every day due to fighting. Most areas are mined or under constant shelling. Therefore, ecologists learn about their condition only with the help of satellite images.

Horizontal road markings are being renewed in the Kharkiv region. In addition to the general danger of accidents, there is also a mine danger, because not all roadsides in deoccupied territories and those where hostilities took place have been cleared, or at least inspected by explosives experts. Consequently, any contact with the roadside can be potentially dangerous, and it is the markings that help drivers to avoid it.

07-11-2023 Kharkiv during the war

The Russian occupiers carried out at least ten attacks with Iranian kamikaze drones on the civilian infrastructure of Kharkiv and its suburbs. As a result of the attacks, cars, garages, a residential building, a service station and an administrative building caught fire. All fires were extinguished. Outbuildings were damaged. The building of the College of Transport Technologies was hit: the second and third floors and the roof of the building were destroyed.

Just to remind you that due to a full-scale war more than half of the schools and 22 out of 24 institutions of higher education in Kharkiv were damaged to varying degrees. The greatest damage was done to V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, M.E. Zhukovsky National Aerospace University, State Biotechnological Institute, National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute”.

Kharkiv has begun preparations for the New Year. New Year’s decorations – festive garlands and ornaments – are being installed in Kharkiv metro stations. By the beginning of winter, New Year’s decorations will appear in five metro stations.

In the Kharkiv region, 19 engineering and sapper groups of the consolidated unit of the State Special Transport Service work daily. The region remains one of the most mine-contaminated territories of Ukraine. These groups inspect and clear administrative buildings, educational institutions, premises of schools and kindergartens, roads, agricultural lands. In addition, private households are surveyed based on people’s requests. The military remove the discovered ammunition and destroy it in certain places, and the sappers transfer ammo suitable for use to military units.

Mobile clinics operate in eight settlements of the Kharkiv region. In these communities, medical facilities were destroyed or significantly damaged as a result of Russian shelling. Modular clinics are open every day, with operating hours determined by the security situation. They are necessary for residents of communities. Autonomous mobile clinics are assembled from prefabricated modules. They are equipped with electric generators, which allow them to work in conditions of prolonged blackouts, refrigerators, means of communication, bathrooms, waiting rooms, patient examination rooms, utility rooms, as well as basic shelters.

31-10-2023 Kharkiv during the war

Over the past 24 hours, the Russian military have carried out attacks in the Kharkiv region. They stormed the positions of the Ukrainian army. According to the Institute for the Study of War, the Russians have no confirmed advances in the Kupyansk direction. Russia continues to maintain a military presence in the border area and build mine and explosive barriers along the border. The work of sabotage and reconnaissance groups is recorded there.

Sappers from the humanitarian demining squad examined the territory of a cemetery in Kharkiv for the presence of explosive objects. During the examination, the remains of the Smerch multiple launch rocket system with cluster combat elements were discovered. They are extremely dangerous for people. Without any rules and norms of morality and humanity, the enemy leaves treacherous tripwires, dangerous mines, ammunition, turning even cemeteries into a death trap.

The fire department building in the city of Izyum was hit by Russian occupiers at night with two Iskander missiles. As a result of the shelling, eight employees of the State Emergency Service of Ukraine were injured, four of them were hospitalized. In addition to the fire department building, private houses were also destroyed.

Ten more classes appeared in the metro school. The only metro school in Ukraine has 1,388 students. After the autumn holidays, another 200 children joined the metro school. Now we already have 75 school classes of all ages.

The UN Refugee Agency will continue to help rebuild Kharkiv. Over the course of this and next year, it will glaze more than a thousand apartments and renovate half a thousand apartments and houses in the private sector. Last year, 200 houses were restored in Kharkiv, money was allocated from the city and state budgets. Currently, restoration work continues in 63 houses. More than 150,000 Kharkiv residents lost their homes due to the war.

24-10-2023 Kharkiv during the war

Late in the evening on Saturday, October 21, at about 22:12, Russian missiles hit the Nova Poshta terminal in the Kharkiv region. The post office and the mail truck caught fire. The attack resulted in a large-scale destruction of the terminal building and the fire on an area of ​​about 300 sq.m. At the site of the strike, explosives experts discovered fragments of the S-300 missile. There were 22 people on the terminal territory, of which 6 people were killed and 16 were injured. The latter were taken to the hospital with injuries of varying severity.

A special mobile class will travel within the region, where rescuers, police officers and other specialists will teach children safety rules. A mobile class is a van with a small classroom inside. There are mock-ups of explosive objects, areas with stands and demonstration materials. 10-15 students will be able to study in the mobile class at the same time. The mobile class will always be located near the shelter to move students to a safe area during an air raid.

In 2022, 48 damaged educational buildings were restored in Kharkiv: 33 schools and 16 kindergartens. Currently, the work is underway at 50 sites. Among the building being restored are schools, which used to have many students, or those that are the only ones in their neighborhoods.

Due to the full-scale war, residents of the Kharkiv region cannot always obtain medications. In some communities, pharmacies are closed, in some, family doctors have left. The reason is the security situation and the proximity of the front line. In the Kharkiv region, almost 30 settlements are still under occupation, and several dozen more villages are in the “gray” zone. There are entire cities where pharmacies do not operate due to the proximity to the border with the aggressor country.

Kharkiv will receive three metro rolling stocks from the Warsaw Metro (Poland). They will arrive as humanitarian aid. Trains need to be converted to our track width. It will take some time. After the preparatory work, they will be gradually put into operation. Thanks to this assistance, the rolling stock will be updated, which will improve transportation conditions for Kharkiv residents and, if necessary, reduce traffic intervals.

17-10-2023 Kharkiv during the war

The enemy began to attack energy facilities in the Kharkiv region. At night, the enemy struck again with drones, causing damage to the gas transport infrastructure. In particular, the site of the gas distribution station, which feeds the thermal power plant, was damaged. It is possible to state that the city and the region are entering a difficult autumn-winter period, when the enemy will actually try, just like last year, to destroy our energy and other facilities in order to terrorize the local population

Criminalists have identified all those killed in the Russian Iskander missile attack on the village of Hroza. It was established that 59 people died during the attack. All the dead were residents of Hroza, among them pensioners, doctors, farmers, teachers, businessmen and a schoolboy. All of them were civilians. Entire families of several generations died. 19 people were identified with the help of mobile DNA laboratories. One of the dead, a man in his 60s, was identified with twenty body parts. Personal belongings from their homes were used to identify two more people, since they had no direct relatives, who could have given samples for DNA analysis.

Next year, 157 residential buildings are planned to be restored in Kharkiv. Restoration involves major repairs and reconstruction. In all the houses, structural elements will be renewed, in some parts the facades and roofs will be repaired and thermal modernization will be carried out. The list for repair includes houses that can be restored for less money in order to save the integrity of the building.

74 stationary heating points were deployed in Kharkiv. They are located in schools and in the administrations of the city’s districts. At the same time, 13,400 people can be accommodated in such points. The department of the city infrastructure has calculated the approximate capacity of communal “Points of Invincibility”. They have generators, heating devices, a supply of drinking and technical water. In the event of an emergency shutdown of electricity or heat supply for more than three hours, residents will be able to charge gadgets, drink tea and connect to Wi-Fi at these points.

10-10-2023 Kharkiv during the war

In the Kharkiv region, investigators have identified 53 citizens who died as a result of a missile attack on the village of Hroza. On October 5, a Russian Iskander missile hit a cafe in the village of Hroza, Kupyansky district, where at that time a memorial dinner was being held for a deceased local resident. A significant number of the bodies of the dead were so badly damaged that the person can only be identified using DNA tests.

Six children became orphans, but there are a large number of offers from Ukrainian families who are ready to provide these children with their support. The authorities are actively working to ensure that these children and all affected families in Hroza receive the necessary assistance.

On the morning of October 6, Russian occupation forces shelled Kharkiv, as a result civilians were injured. By midday, it was known about 28 casualties. A 10-year-old boy and his 68-year-old grandmother were killed. Almost 30 people, including an infant, were injured. According to preliminary data, the city was attacked by two Iskander-type missiles. One of them hit the roadway and windows in neighboring houses were blown off. The second hit a three-story residential building.

The Russian occupiers are bringing terror to a systemic, targeted level. Their goal is not to increase the level of random victims of strikes, but to guarantee an increase in the number of victims among the civilian population.

Kharkiv engineers have created special boots for military sappers. In three-kilogram boots with plastic claws, one can step on explosives without losing one’s leg. The invention has already been successfully tested not only at the enterprise, but also field tested. Inventors already have real-life examples of how mine-resistant boots save lives and limbs.

Now only a small part of Kharkiv schoolchildren study in the metro school, about 1000 children, mostly primary school pupils. The metro school cannot accommodate many people. To ensure that schoolchildren can study in safe conditions during the war, the city’s first underground school is being built. The school will be able to accommodate 450 schoolchildren, and they plan to introduce two shifts. The construction of the underground school is expected to be completed by the New Year. Afterwards Kharkiv authorities plan to build such underground schools in all city districts.

03-10-2023 Kharkiv during the war

At 9:00 on October 1, Kharkiv stood in a moment of silence along with the whole of Ukraine to honour the Ukrainian heroes who fell in the war with Russia. This year the Day of Defenders of Ukraine was celebrated for the first time on a new date. And this Sunday, for the first time, all of Ukraine stopped for a minute to honor in silence an act of bravery of our people who died defending our state and all Ukrainians. 

On October 2, the occupiers fired missiles at the suburbs of Kharkiv. The shooting occurred around 9:10. One missile hit the ground, a utility building and some rooms of a funeral service bureau were damaged. Another missile hit the territory of the educational campus of one of the universities causing no large-scale destruction. 

Russian saboteurs are constantly being spotted in Kharkiv region. They want to find the weak points of the Ukrainian defense. However, the Armed Forces of Ukraine detect Russian saboteurs in time and eliminate or capture them. 

Kharkiv authorities promise to build the first underground school in Ukraine, which will meet the most up-to-date regulatory requirements for protective structures. Such a shelter will allow thousands of Kharkiv children to continue safe in-person learning even during missile threats. 

The draft restoration plan for the Central City Hospital in Izium is already ready. This year they plan to begin restoring the operating block. Despite the destruction, the hospital provides services to patients. It employs 240 employees, including 45 doctors. The first priority was to restore primary health care; currently, second-level services are already available in the hospital. Doctors perform operations. In particular, people with mine-explosive injuries are treated here. 

Kharkiv volunteers evacuate elderly people from dangerous places and take care of them, because most have no relatives. Their average age is 80 years old. The elderly are under supervision around the clock. Once a week they are examined by doctors, but all this is done on a voluntary basis. Volunteers do not have enough money to maintain the facility. There are no special government programs, so volunteers have to look for funds. 

26-09-2023 Kharkiv during the war

In Kharkiv, the Russian intelligence network, which provided the enemy with the coordinates for attacks on the city, was neutralized. According to the Security Service, the attackers collected intelligence on the geolocation of fortified areas and the routes of movement of columns of military equipment of the Armed Forces, including those by rail.

Among the special tasks of enemy agents was the collection of compromising material on military personnel of the Armed Forces of Ukraine located in the front-line territories of the region. Russian intelligence paid the greatest attention to current officials of local military registration and enlistment offices and military medical commissions. The aggressor needed such information to attempt to recruit them and prepare special information operations against Ukraine.

Among Kharkiv universities that planned to begin a mixed-mode instruction, only the Medical University was able to resume on-site practical classes. Others were told at the last minute that their shelters were unsuitable.

Future surgeons and gynecologists can finally learn how to operate and deliver babies not through a computer screen. At Kharkiv Medical University and Karazin Kharkiv National University students were given the opportunity to practice in special shelters. But art students, future actors and designers, chemists and physicists, who also need live practice, do not yet have this opportunity.

At Kharkiv Medical University, the opportunity to practice live was given to everyone except first-year students. Classes in pediatrics, surgery, obstetrics and gynecology are held in the shelter. These disciplines cannot be studied in theory; practice is needed. Classes are attended by students living in Kharkiv or having the opportunity to come from the suburbs. Practical classes are watched in real time by their group mates living in other cities of Ukraine or abroad. Of the 5,000 university students, approximately 1,000 agreed to attend practical classes, but not all of them attend – only about half.

Since the beginning of the full-scale invasion more than 3,200 children have been born in Kharkiv. Over the past week, 44 babies were born in the city.

12-09-2023 Kharkiv during the war

The number of schoolchildren wishing to study at the Kharkiv metro school is constantly growing. Two additional classes have already been formed apart from those that began work on September 4. The first week of mixed-mode instruction was successful and the number of children wishing to study in this format is increasing. Currently, about a thousand children are studying in school classes located at five stations of the Kharkiv metro. About 400 of them, by decision of their parents, travel to school on their own, and about 600 are transported by school buses.

At a school near Kharkiv, a smart management system was installed. It was developed by IT specialists from Kharkiv. The system provides for automatic opening of the door to the shelter at the time when the air raid alarm sounds, as well as video surveillance. The room is equipped with motion sensors and CCTV cameras, which help to quickly monitor the security situation in the shelter.

In Dergachi, Kharkiv region, a medical center will be restored. Last year, on April 8, the medical center building was hit by missiles three times. Currently, the building is being dismantled and preparatory work is underway for the construction of a new frame. This year it is planned to build the foundation, walls and a roof, and construct external utility networks. Next year, internal networks and landscaping will be done.

Representatives of socially responsible businesses donated six pickup trucks and military equipment to the air defense forces. The vehicles will help to destroy enemy drones of the “Shahed” type and intercept other air targets. They are equipped with everything necessary for the Ukrainian military to successfully repel drone attacks. In early August, there was a massive attack on Kharkiv by Russian drones. Five out of ten kamikaze drones hit their target. Then severe damage was recorded in several areas of the city.

05-09-2023 Kharkiv during the war

In the Kharkiv metro, separate rooms were converted into classrooms for pupils from 19 city schools. There are security guards, first-aid posts and psychologists in the classrooms equipped at five metro stations. Particular attention is paid to the safety of children. The soundproof classrooms are equipped with fire alarms and ventilation. These measures are aimed at ensuring the safety and comfort of children during their studies.

The decision to conduct lessons in the subway was taken out of necessity. The city of Kharkiv is permanently under threat of Russian shelling, and parents are concerned about the safety of their children. The subway has become a protected place where children can learn without putting themselves in danger. These classes will be held twice a week for three hours, which will allow children to socialize and communicate with each other. This is important given that many of them feel isolated due to the war and restrictions.

However, parents have a choice. If they do not want to send their children to the subway, they can choose distance learning. This is a flexible solution given the difficult circumstances in the region. Russian aggression has deprived Ukrainian children of a normal childhood and a sense of security. The return to a normal life will be possible only after the victory of Ukraine in this long war.

Now Kharkiv is restoring the city life that was here before the start of the full-scale war. Cultural events are taking place, most restaurants, pharmacies, shops have reopened, galleries and museums are open. Kharkiv is a powerful, strong city that fights every day not only for its right to exist, but also for the opportunity to develop and flourish. Kharkiv young artists continue to create, there are exhibitions, literary evenings, concerts, events to support the military.

29-08-2023 Kharkiv during the war

This year, Kharkiv residents celebrate the 369th birthday of their native city. It falls on August 23, coinciding with the Day of the Liberation of Kharkiv from Nazi invaders during World War II. Now the city is also suffering from the occupiers, but this time from the Russians. Since the beginning of the full-scale war, Kharkiv has become one of the main targets of the aggressor. The enemy troops could not capture it, so they switched to the tactics of constant shelling, destroying historical, cultural monuments and residential buildings.

Thanks to the successful actions of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, the intensity of shelling of the city has decreased, but Kharkiv residents remain in a high-risk zone, because S-300 missiles from neighboring Russian Belgorod cover the distance to Kharkiv in less than a minute.

Kharkiv region is one of the five regions of Ukraine, where the air raid sirens have sounded most often. Thus, during the 500 days of the war, the danger of shelling was announced 2334 times, the total duration of the alarm was 80 days 4 hours 38 minutes.

In total, there are more than 5,000 damaged houses in Kharkiv, of which 500 cannot be restored. 150 thousand people were left without homes. However, the city authorities began a gradual repair of high-rise buildings damaged by shelling.

In the Kharkiv metro, locations are being prepared for teaching schoolchildren from September 1. Hybrid learning will be used – when some of the lessons are conducted online, some offline. Locations are being prepared for offline classes, but these are not stations. These locations will have lighting, be equipped with places for studying and toilet rooms. It is planned that schoolchildren will be transported to metro stations by bus and will be fed free of charge.

It is a very difficult job, because there is a certain passenger flow that must be preserved. In addition, it is necessary to equip classrooms for schoolchildren so that they meet all the requirements, first of all, the safety of children.

22-08-2023 Kharkiv during the war

During the last days, the invaders from the Russian Federation shelled Kupyansk with particular ferocity. 11 people were wounded in the city. Also under shelling were the nearest villages, and in the north of Kharkiv region — the border town of Volchansk. A man died in Volchansk as a result of enemy shelling. A house, an apartment in a multi-storey building and a building of a security company were damaged. Among the victims was a paramedic. Shelling damaged the civil infrastructure, houses, educational institutions and cars. Investigative and operational teams, experts and explosives technicians worked in all places of the incidents. Criminal proceedings were opened on the facts of violations of the laws and customs of war.

In Kupyansk district, the security situation has worsened in the last two weeks, and the issue of evacuating people has again arisen in this area. In Kharkiv region, a tractor hit a mine during field work. The injured tractor driver was hospitalized.

About 5% of the territory still remains occupied within Kharkiv region, however, the intensive restoration of the damaged infrastructure is already beginning on the recently liberated lands. Before the full-scale invasion of Russia, Kharkiv region was one of the TOP-5 largest agricultural producing regions of Ukraine. More than 70% of the lands of the entire region were cultivated by agricultural enterprises, the share of Kharkiv region in the national production of agricultural products reached 6-7%, the volume of investments in the industry also amounted to billions of hryvnias.

The Russian occupation of more than a third of the territory of Kharkiv region, which lasted until September 2022, fundamentally changed the situation. As a result of the armed aggression of the Russian Federation in the territories and communities bordering the zones of occupation, absolutely all infrastructure, including agricultural, was destroyed and damaged. In the north and east of the region, almost no railway stations, elevators, granaries, grain dryers, etc. have remained intact.

15-08-2023 Kharkiv during the war

Russian occupiers are making mine-explosive barriers in Kharkiv region. The Ukrainian army did not allow the advance of the invaders after their increased activity in the Kupyansk and Liman directions and reduced their offensive potential. Now there is a certain decrease in the number of attacks, but this does not mean that the occupiers have canceled their plans. They continue to attack the positions of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, in particular, in the Kupyansk direction, and bypass the territory along the border.

In Kharkiv, volunteers help families whose homes have been damaged by shelling. People of different professions, ages, who are not specialists in the construction business take up tools and repair window and door jambs, doors, walls, balconies. They say that this is the best way not to lose heart and feel helpless. Volunteers work alongside specialists. Under the supervision of professional craftsmen, they all do a good deed.

Educational institutions and healthcare facilities of Kharkiv region are offered free energy-saving lamps. Kindergartens, schools, vocational schools, universities, sports and music schools, as well as clinics, hospitals, dental clinics and laboratories can join this program.

The government is urging local authorities to act more actively on the issue of shelters. All educational institutions should have shelters. These are basements, ground structures near a school or a kindergarten, underground monolithic shelters with a high level of protection. Five regions, including Kharkiv, need shelters most of all. Regional military administrations should regularly monitor the security situation in communities. And then, depending on the level of threats from the Russian occupiers, they will decide on the learning format. In case of a threat to the life and health of children, onsite learning will not be allowed.

08-08-2023 Kharkiv during the war

Residents of Kharkiv and the region are warned about the threat of the use of drones by the Russian invaders. Despite assurances from the Russian authorities not to shell non-military targets, enemy forces continue to deliberately destroy civilian infrastructure.

The Security Service of Ukraine detained two Russian informants who collected data on the units of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in the territory of Kharkiv and directed attacks of the occupiers at these units. Two unemployed residents of the regional center moved around the territory of Kharkiv on bicycles and filmed the places where, in their opinion, Ukrainian military personnel were deployed. They were detained while collecting data on the deployment of one of the units of the Ukrainian Defense Forces.

The Russian military fired a guided aerial bomb at a blood transfusion center in Kupyansk community in Kharkiv region. The Russian invaders used artillery and aviation in Kupyansk direction. They fired at villages and positions of the Ukrainian army, in particular, carried out twenty air strikes and several attacks. The Ukrainian army opened fire in response. Soldiers of the Armed Forces of Ukraine destroyed Russian tanks, weapons and manpower of the invaders.

A map of Russia was dismantled near the building of the former Consulate General of the Russian Federation. On February 14, 2022, the Consulate General of the Russian Federation began to be guarded in an enhanced regime. On February 21, the Consulate General informed about the temporary suspension of the appointment, giving as a reason the unfavorable epidemiological situation. The day before Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine, on February 23, 2022, the Russian consulate in Kharkiv was closed. The activists then left a mourning bouquet and a sign “Go home – no vodka!” outside the Consulate General of Russia, thus demonstrating that there was no place for occupiers in Kharkiv.

02-08-2023 Kharkiv during the war

On the night of July 31, during an air raid in Kharkiv, explosions thundered. The city and the region were subjected to rocket attacks by Russian troops. The Russians launched several S-300 missiles from the territory of the Russian Belgorod region.

On the night of August 1, Russia attacked Kharkiv with ten drones, several combat drones were directed at a sports complex in the city center. Here, before the full-scale invasion, Kharkiv Olympians trained. One of the drones landed next to the bike path, the other hit the roadway, the third one hit one of the premises.

UNESCO has released a report confirming the destruction of 55 cultural sites in Kharkiv region since the start of Russia’s full-scale invasion. UNESCO conducts a preliminary assessment of damage to cultural property by verifying damage reports from several reliable sources. The organization is developing a mechanism for an independent coordinated assessment of data in Ukraine, including the analysis of satellite images.

The Center for Psychological Support of War Victims opened in Kharkiv. For those who experience anxiety or depression, but do not have the opportunity to contact a psychologist on their own, the support center “Together with you” will work in Kharkiv. Such centers exist in many cities of Ukraine. But in no city on the first day of the volunteers’ work there were as many requests for an appointment with a psychologist as in Kharkiv.

In Kharkiv, the range of people who need help is much wider. There are civilians who have lived in the city all the time. There are those who returned from the evacuation – they are in a different psychological state. There are people who came from the occupied and liberated territories. Now, mostly adult civilians from Kharkiv are asking for help. They complain of anxiety, apathy, sleep disturbance, manifestations of aggression. These problems arise from chronic stress.

11-07-2023 Kharkiv during the war

The Russian occupiers began using shells with flechettes in the villages of Kharkiv region. International conventions prohibit the use of ammunition with flechettes in civilian districts, because they are extremely dangerous for civilians. During the full-scale invasion of Russia, cases were recorded of the use by the invaders of deadly steel projectiles dating back to the First World War. This was first revealed by forensic experts during the autopsy of bodies found in mass graves in Bucha and Irpin. Each tank or field gun shell can contain up to 8,000 of these steel projectiles.

For the military, it is important not only to skillfully use valuable military equipment, but also to camouflage it well from the enemy in order to preserve it. Volunteers from Kharkiv are engaged in production of camouflage nets. Such nets allow hiding from the “eyes” of the enemy not only military equipment, but also ammunition depots and Starlinks, which provide communication. A group of Kharkiv volunteers has been weaving nets since 2012. And although over the past year they have woven quite a lot of them, they believe that this is not enough, because there is more military equipment at the front and it needs protection.

A hippotherapy center has been created in Kharkiv region. In this center, the military, injured in the war, receive rehabilitation by communicating with horses. Some visit the center with their families and improve their psychological state in contact with animals.

In Izyum, preparatory work is being completed to restore the central hospital, which was destroyed by the Russians. There are practically no buildings in Izyum that have not been damaged or destroyed as a result of Russian shelling and bombing, and the entire medical infrastructure of the city is no exception.

Shortly before the occupation, the renovated district hospital, with a brand new CT scanner, modern operating rooms and an intensive care unit, turned into mountains of construction debris and scrap. But even during the occupation, the medical facility did not stop its work, and the employees did not go over to the side of the occupier. Now in the hospital, even despite the damage, medical care is being provided. There is also necessary personnel, medicines, consumables and equipment.

04-07-2023 Kharkiv during the war

More than 100 enemy air targets were shot down in Kharkiv region during the full-scale invasion. Kharkiv expects an increase in the amount of air defense equipment and the number of units covering the sky. There are currently six air defense divisions. A year ago, there was only one division.

On July 4, at about 13:35, the Russians hit the city of Pervomaisky in Kharkiv region, according to preliminary estimates, with a high-explosive incendiary. Nearby are only residential buildings. This is a peaceful area of ​​the city, where there is not a single military facility. It is known about 38 wounded, including 12 children. The youngest is 3 months old, the doctors helped the child on the spot.

Residents of Kharkiv region are urged not to refuse from vaccination, as the coronavirus has not disappeared. Although no longer considered a global emergency, the coronavirus continues to spread. Over the past week, more people have died due to complications from the coronavirus in Kharkiv region. Therefore, residents are asked not to forget about the danger of the disease.

In Kharkiv region, it is planned to increase the number of demining machines. By the end of 2023, there should be at least ten of them. Creating conditions for a safe life in Kharkiv region is one of the main priorities of the government. In total, almost 5.4 thousand hectares of territories have been demined in Kharkiv region. A total of 97,000 explosive items have been defused. 250 sappers clear mines in the region.

Posters with Russian inscriptions are being removed in the Central Park of Culture and Leisure. After the derussification of the names in the Central Park, all Russian-language inscriptions have been removed. Now there is not a single inscription in Russian left there.

27-06-2023 Kharkiv during the war

Kharkiv needs 9.5 billion Euros. The money is needed to restore houses, infrastructure and public facilities, destroyed by the Russians, to rebuild the city – houses, hospitals, kindergartens, schools. This is a very powerful challenge that no city in Ukraine is able to cope with on its own. At the same time, 150000 residents of Kharkiv were left without housing. In addition, half of the schools and kindergartens were destroyed, and 56 hospitals were damaged.

The name of the Russian poet Pushkin was dismantled from the building of the Kharkiv Academic Drama Theater.  The theater employees have been waiting for dismantling since the end of December 2022, when a decision was made to rename the theater, but so far the name has remained on the building. Therefore, they themselves invited a steeplejack, who removed the letters of the name.

Ukraine received the first modular bridges from American funds. Assistance was provided by the non-profit Conflict and Development Foundation (CDF) and the foundation of the American millionaire and philanthropist Howard Buffett. Modular structures will be installed on the site of bridges destroyed during the war. Kharkiv region will receive them as well. With the help of modular bridges logistics will be restored.

The unemployment rate in Kharkiv region decreased by 1.5 times during the year. Job seekers now outnumber vacancies 7 to 1. At the same time, it is impossible to find employees for some positions. This is especially true of workmen and engineers, traditionally considered male professions.

At the regional center for socio-psychological assistance in Kharkiv, children are helped to develop skills of handling stress and traumatic events through art therapy, games and other techniques. Every day, dozens of families with children come to the center, created with the support of UNICEF. Psychological support is provided to parents and children, both citizens of Kharkiv and internally displaced. The problem of anxiety in children is crucial. The main task is to free them from negative emotions.

20-06-2023 Kharkiv during the war

In the city of Kharkiv, comfortable conditions for the life of children, citizens of working age and the elderly are being created. People would like to return to Kharkiv on the condition that their children receive a rigorous education, for this purpose funds have been allocated to build certified shelters in schools. From September 1, it is planned to start hybrid learning in schools, but everything will depend on the military situation.

Schoolchildren from Kharkiv region received laptops and tablets for online learning. It became possible due to the cooperation of the Ministry of Reintegration and the international organization UNICEF. Technical support will allow children from rural areas to study online, as well as to keep in touch with relatives.

Municipal enterprises are ready to hire specialists – drivers, welders and representatives of other professions who will help ensure the functioning of the city. In addition, jobs are provided by business returning to Kharkiv, because cafes, shops, etc. are opening. Elderly people continue to be supported by social services.

About 40 percent of Kharkiv region was under occupation. About a year ago the defense forces of Ukraine drove the enemy out of these territories. And people gradually began to return to their homes. However, due to a high level of mining of these territories, their return is often risky or impossible at all.

Five cases of animal rabies have been registered in Kharkiv region this year. There are still many abandoned animals on the streets of Kharkiv, which are potential carriers of the disease, so there is a danger of the spread of rabies. In this regard, there is a need for regular vaccination of domestic animals, and it is recommended to avoid contact with homeless and especially with wild animals. Mandatory rabies vaccination is required for patients bitten/scratched by domestic animals suspected of rabies, as well as by any wild animals (even without suspicion of rabies).

13-06-2023 Kharkiv during the war

In a new overnight attack on June 13 the army of the Russian aggressor hit 13 civil infrastructure facilities in Kharkiv with Shahed Iranian drones. There has been a large-scale fire at a food warehouse. Rescue teams are working there. Investigation teams collect material evidence and record the consequences of Russia’s armed aggression.

Hundreds of fragments of Russian ammunition are stored in the ammunition “cemetery” in Kharkiv. From the very beginning of the full-scale war, the Russians tried to capture Kharkiv. The city was hit with different types of weapons, from multiple launch rocket systems such as “Grad” and “Uragan” to ballistic and cruise missiles launched from ships and airplanes.

After each shelling, specialists inspect the scene of the incident, record names of the killed and injured victims, types of destruction, document the GPS coordinates of the missile hit and, if known, the side from which it was launched. All this becomes part of war-crimes cases. This place with the area of approximately 10 thousand m² is the largest place of storage of physical evidence of war crimes. There are more than 1,000 ammunition fragments here, about half of those fired at Kharkiv. All fragments must become material evidence of the International Criminal Court and the Special military tribunal.

There are 2,600 shelters in Kharkiv, of which 97 are dual-purpose structures, such as parking lots and metro stations, there are also shelters in schools, universities, and the best shelters – real bomb shelters – at large enterprises. The specifics of Kharkiv is that it is mainly attacked by S-300 missiles from the territory of Belgorod region. The missile flies for only a few minutes, the air alarm monitoring systems simply do not have time to detect it – usually the siren sounds already after the explosion. In the long term, the city authorities see a solution in putting shelters in the yards. Now there are only 14 of them in the city, but in the future it is planned to place them not only at the bus stops, but also in the yards of apartment buildings. Thus, at least those people who are caught in the street during the shelling will be able to hide from the explosion.

06-06-2023 Kharkiv during the war

On the night of June 6, the Russian military launched S-300 missiles in a strike on the districts of Kharkiv: the car park near the airport and the roads in the center of the city were hit, windows were blown out in nearby houses. In addition, water pipes and private cars were damaged. There are no military facilities there – only residential buildings, office premises and a school.

In Kupyansk district, the Russian occupiers damaged the ammonia pipeline. As a result of enemy strikes, the pipeline was depressurized. In Kharkiv region, a headquarters has been deployed to eliminate the consequences of this situation.

On June 4, the International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression, a monument was erected in Kharkiv dedicated to the children who were killed in the war in Ukraine unleashed by the Russian aggressor. The monument represents a boy and a girl flying above the explosion. And this is what the terrible reality looks like for Ukrainian children who are dying every day due to the invasion of the Russians. Now there are already 485 children who died across the country.

The issue of the possible evacuation of residents of border settlements due to the increased shelling by Russia is being considered. During the day, 26 settlements were shelled. The forced evacuation of children and adults from border settlements may be possible if the military situation becomes worse.

In Kharkiv region it is planned to resume on-site teaching from September 1, but only in schools with a hub status and only in several districts. Not all schools in these districts have suitable shelters, therefore, probably, only the largest hub educational institutions will work, where teaching in several shifts may be organized. It is possible that several educational institutions will work in one building.

30-05-2023 Kharkiv during the war

After the liberation of the Kharkiv region from the invaders, the Russian military continues to carry out missile strikes in the region. In addition, the invaders are attacking the territory of the Kharkiv region using mortars and artillery.

The exhibition “The War Is Not Over Yet” dedicated to the Russian Federation’s crimes against the media opened on Svoboda Square in Kharkiv. On the stands are photos of media workers who died, were injured or were captured during the full-scale war. According to the Institute of Mass Information, there have been more than 500 cases of murders, tortures and injuries of journalists. Sixty media workers are known to have died, ten of them were killed in the line of duty. Fifty media workers died as participants in hostilities, as a result of Russian shelling or torture.

On June 1, on Children’s Day, an exhibition dedicated to children who died in the war will open at the Constitution Maidan metro station. These are the stories of children of all ages: from the unborn, who died in their mother’s womb, to adolescents. And this is only a small fraction of the thousands of terrible stories that happened through the fault of the Russians. Every death is terrible, but the death of children is a special pain.

Two white swans from the Central Park temporarily lived in the Kharkiv Zoo. The birds could not be returned to the summer home because of the war. And, finally, the swans were released into the lake of the Central Park of Kharkiv. They are making themselves at home, actively swimming and examining the area. Park employees drained water from the lake, cleaned the bottom and walls, restored the wooden covering, which had deteriorated during the war.

The Kharkiv delegation will soon go to its sister city Nuremberg to pick up ten large buses. In total, the German city plans to transfer about 40 MAN buses to Kharkiv. This is the largest transport humanitarian aid to the city.

23-05-2023 Kharkiv during the war

Part of the schoolchildren of Kharkiv and the region on September 1, 2023 may return to schools. There is a certain social demand and improved security in some communities. We need a positive emotional step towards restoring a normal life even under martial law. The possibility of attending offline lessons by pupils is being considered. The final decision will depend on the situation. Now the number of children returning to Kharkiv and to almost all the communities of the region, with the exception of border areas, is increasing.

Business relocation and mass internal migration led to the fact that by the end of 2022 in most western regions local budgets received more revenues than was planned, while in the Kharkiv community, actual budget revenues were lower than planned. At the same time, there are no international or state programs that stimulate the resumption of entrepreneurial activity in the regions affected by war. Accordingly, the reintegration of entrepreneurs and the improvement of the business environment should be a priority for the Kharkiv regional and city authorities. To revive entrepreneurial activity in Kharkiv, it is necessary to apply various mechanisms to compensate for security risks for business.

In the Kharkiv region, the restoration of electricity supply is underway. In order to do so 10 electrical substations and more than 12 kilometers of high-voltage lines had to be restored. The poles and wires were completely replaced.

A neonatal screening center has started operating in Kharkiv. It provides a free advanced neonatal screening service, where newborns are screened for 21 rare diseases. The examination makes it possible to identify laboratory signs of the disease in newborns and to carry out additional confirmatory or refutation tests. Early detection makes it possible to start the necessary treatment even at the preclinical stage of the disease, thereby completely preventing the onset of symptoms or significantly alleviating them. And that means giving a child a chance to live.

16-05-2023 Kharkiv during the war

Around midnight on May 13, the Russians attacked Kharkiv with an S-300 missile from Belgorod. The missile hit the rails of the central station in Kharkiv. A large crater was formed. The blast wave damaged nearby houses, doors were blown off hinges and windows were blown out. Fortunately, no one was hurt. The missile fragments also damaged the historic dormitory building of the University of Railway Transport, built in the 1920s. It took the railway workers a little more than a day to restore all the damage. On the morning of May 15, all trains ran on schedule.

In Kharkiv, which is on the front line, there are still some restrictions associated with potential dangers for residents. In Saltivka, there is still no evening lighting on most of the streets, it is forbidden to go to the Forest park and wooded areas near Okruzhna street because of the mine danger, schools and kindergartens are closed. It is officially forbidden to hold mass cultural events in Kharkiv, but artists manage to arrange concerts and performances even under such conditions.

In the Kharkiv region, 28 sports facilities were recorded as those destroyed due to the war. Some of them have begun to be restored, while the athletes are training in other regions.

In Kharkiv, a boxing tournament was held in honor of the heroes of the defense of the city. 20 boxers took part in the competition – members of sports clubs in the Kharkiv region and other cities of the country. The tournament was held in the subway at the station “Defenders of Ukraine”. The boxing tournament was the first large-scale sporting event in the Kharkiv region since the beginning of the full-scale invasion of the Russian Federation.

Since the beginning of 2023, it has become possible to get guardianship over homeless animals in Kharkiv. Corresponding changes to the legislation of Ukraine, providing for the adoption of such an animal under guardianship, entered into force even before the start of the war. However, the registration of guardianship in Kharkiv became possible not so long ago. The guardians must ensure that the animal has access to clean drinking water, they must feed it, vaccinate against rabies and viral diseases, treat for parasites, sterilize, and also take it to the veterinarian if necessary.

09-05-2023 Kharkiv during the war

On the evening of May 8, the Russian army fired S-300 missiles at the Kharkiv region. Powerful explosions were heard in the region during the air raid, at least six missile strikes were recorded. When you are in Kharkiv, there is no combat in the vicinity of the city. But there is constant shelling. There is an understanding among people that missiles can hit any place. That is why Kharkiv looks like a military city.

Kharkiv universities are preparing to start the new academic year already in the classrooms. To do this, they need to spend a lot of money on shelters. Almost all universities in the city have underground facilities where you can hide from shelling or a missile attack. From the first days of the war, they became a shelter for thousands of students who could not go home, including foreign ones. But universities still do not have the right to start onsite teaching, as these shelters do not meet modern requirements. By September, those universities that plan to start onsite teaching will need to modernise their bomb shelters.

Forced evacuation of families with children in the Kharkiv region has not yet begun, the authorities manage to persuade people to evacuate. Settlements near the front line are under constant shelling. To date, all children have been evacuated from the front line in the Kharkiv region. In other settlements, which are under threat of shelling by the Russian occupiers, a decision is made on the mandatory evacuation of families with children.

Public transport in Kharkiv will remain free. Since the beginning of the war not a single city in Ukraine had an opportunity to subsidise transport in such a way that it would be free for passengers. The work of public transport is subsidised from the city budget. This money is used to buy fuel and pay salaries to employees.

02-05-2023 Kharkiv during the war

According to preliminary estimates, about $9.5 billion is needed to restore Kharkiv from the consequences of Russian aggression. The shelling continues, and now it is impossible to finally calculate all the losses incurred by Kharkiv in the war with Russian aggressors.

Kharkiv is being hit by S-300 missiles. The distance to the border is very small. The latest modernized air defense system is needed in order to protect Kharkiv from destruction.

The Russian invaders continue terrorizing the civilians and civilian infrastructure with fire. As a result of enemy shelling, private houses, a medical facility were damaged and a doctors’ car was destroyed.

Kharkiv Zoo was opened for the first time since the beginning of the war and the first excursions were held there. Entrance is allowed only for groups.

Thousands of high-explosive anti-personnel mines – the so-called “petals” or “butterflies” – are scattered across the Kharkiv region. They are very dangerous due to their small size. Recently, they have been found even at facilities and territories that have already been cleared of mines. Explosive experts say: the birds are to blame. Birds can peck mines, pick them up, carry and hide them somewhere.

The Russians scattered the “petals” mainly in the autumn of 2022, but they began to detonate en masse in the spring of 2023. In autumn, the mines were hidden under snow or under a layer of mud, and when it got warmer, they began to explode from heating: when such a mine is exposed to the sun for a long time, it self-destructs. Now that the fields and paths are overgrown with green grass, these explosives have become even more dangerous. Small brown or dark green mines are hard to see. Although anti-personnel mines have a self-destruct mechanism, they can explode many years after they have been scattered.

25-04-2023 Kharkiv during the war

On Saturday evening, April 22, the Russian occupation forces attacked the Kharkiv region with rockets again. Explosions were heard in the regional center. Later it became known that Kharkiv and the Kharkiv region were shelled from the territory of the Russian Federation – at least five missile launches were recorded.

In Kharkiv, everyone is invited to trainings on information hygiene. During the classes, students will be taught how to distinguish genuine news from fake, verify information and resist the manipulation of Russian propagandists. Training is conducted by experts who will teach you how to check questionable information and contradictory facts in social media posts, websites, etc.

Trainings are held in Kharkiv, where everyone can learn how to save a life in case of injury, recognize a mine hazard or control a copter. Military skills can be useful in civilian life. Such courses became popular a year ago, when Ukraine lived in anticipation of a full-scale invasion. In the first months of the war, the city was actively shelled, and so no mass events took place, but since the fall of 2022, the military and paramedics began to train civilians again.

But the most popular courses are medical. They are conducted by different teams, there is a course in tactical medicine, and there is the first aid training. These are the most popular trainings, once more than 100 people applied, while a group of no more than 25-30 people can be trained at the same time. In this case, the instructors conduct additional classes. Medical training is popular with both women and men, while aerial reconnaissance or mine safety classes are mostly attended by men. There are also regular visitors who register for each class.

The occupiers mined the territory of the Kharkiv region with double mines – under one mine they put another, and when sappers deactivate the upper part of the ammunition, they do not notice the lower anti-tank mine or grenade. Sappers are now working next to power lines, clearing the area near the lines so that electricians can repair them. After that, in settlements near these power lines, the territory of the private sector will be demined.

18-04-2023 Kharkiv during the war

The buildings in Kharkiv damaged by the Russian invaders can be restored within about 2-3 years. But it depends on the funds that can be allocated for this and on the city’s budget. According to the latest estimates, 150,000 residents of the city were left without a roof over their heads.

During a year of the full-scale war in Kharkiv, 106 health workers were killed, 33 of them in their workplace. The country survived, and so did the medical system. First of all, these are medical workers who, from the first day of the war, went to their jobs and continued to vaccinate, provide medical services, save and help their patients to get back on their feet. They continue to do so to this day.

In the case of announcement of forced evacuation in some settlements of the Kharkiv region, Kharkiv is ready to provide temporary housing to the residents of these settlements. Internally displaced persons (IDPs) are accommodated in dormitories of institutions of higher education. Now about 3,500 IDPs live there, more than 1,000 places are free. Dormitories have generators, refrigerators, microwaves, washing machines and bedding.

Emergency workers in the Kharkiv region received five new cargo-and-passenger and passenger minibuses. The vehicles were purchased at the expense of the German Federal Ministry of the Interior and with the assistance of the Federal Agency for Technical Assistance. These agencies have been helping the Kharkiv region emergency workers since the first days of the full-scale invasion. Special vehicles, generators, tank trucks and other equipment have already been received from them. Minibuses will be used, in particular, for the evacuation of civilians from the zone of active hostilities and front-line territories. Such equipment should be in one place in order to quickly leave and to carry out all activities both for the evacuation and for the delivery of personnel to the place of emergency.

11-04-2023 Kharkiv during the war

In Kharkiv, the occupiers hit the target areas with multiple launch rocket systems designed for the mass destruction of enemy manpower, and the target areas were the city sleeping districts.

Fighting continues at the front line. The defenders of the Kharkiv region maintain their positions and inflict significant losses on the enemy. On the night of April 8, the Russian military launched a missile attack on the territory of the hotel and restaurant complex. According to preliminary information, the enemy used a medium-range air-to-surface missile of the Kh-59 type.

A Russian general, the former head of the so-called special military operation of Russia against the Ukrainian people, will be named a suspect in the bombing of the National Scientific Center of Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology. Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology houses a nuclear research facility “Neutron Source” and the nuclear materials storage facility. In the period from February 24 to July 22, 2022, the territory of the Institute, in particular, the nuclear facility was subjected to constant shelling by the Russian occupation forces from 74 types of various weapons. It was hit with high-explosive incendiary of non-rocket artillery, high-explosive incendiary and cluster munition of Grad, Uragan, Smerch multiple launch rocket systems and self-propelled artillery installations. In addition, an aerial bomb was dropped on the scientific center.

Residents of three houses in the center of Kharkiv do not agree with the decision of the Commission for Technogenic and Environmental Safety and Emergency Situations of the Regional Military Administration to dismantle their housing. They found significant errors in the inspection reports and the experts’ conclusions and are ready to file complaints to the prosecutor’s office if their opinion is not taken into account.

04-04-2023 Kharkiv during the war

Street lighting has already been turned on in more than 1 thousand streets of Kharkiv. Now all electric transport is working in the city and work is underway to illuminate the streets. In addition, all housing and communal services are engaged in cleaning up public space and planting trees.

Demining of cemeteries continues in the city. At the same time, the authorities urge Kharkiv residents to refrain from traditional visits to cemeteries, because the danger of enemy shelling remains. During the full-scale invasion of the Russian Federation, almost all cemeteries of Kharkiv were hit by missiles. Work continues there to detect and neutralize mines, but, in addition, the danger of missile strikes remains, so it is important to prevent mass gatherings of people.

Electric generators for heating points at educational institutions were donated to the city of Kharkiv by the German-Ukrainian charitable organization “Blue-Yellow Cross”. A batch of generators was distributed among schools in all districts. They will be used in “invincibility points” in the case of blackout.

Kharkiv residents are invited to join the discussion of assigning toponyms the names of the fallen defenders of Ukraine and prominent Ukrainians. It concerns renaming four streets and naming one park. The discussion will be held in the form of an electronic consultation on the website of the Kharkiv City Council.

In Kharkiv, discussions were held about perpetuation of the memory of the events of the Ukrainian-Russian war. The participants spoke about the importance of memorialization, the formation of a holistic historical outlook on the events of the Ukrainian-Russian war, as well as the meaning of future memorials. Kharkiv must develop its own idea of ​​perpetuating historical memory, which will reflect both the horrors experienced by its citizens and the strength and courage of Kharkiv residents. The task is to show Kharkiv not only as a city with a colossal spirit of indestructibility, but also as a great place for cultural, historical, business, event tourism and, of course, as a place for recreation with children, as it was in pre-war times.

28-03-2023 Kharkiv during the war

Now the front line passes through the Kharkiv region in the Kupyansk district. Twenty-nine settlements remain under the temporary occupation of the enemy. At the same time, residents of the Kharkiv region are returning to de-occupied towns and villages. For example, about 50 thousand people lived in Izyum before the full-scale invasion of the Russian Federation. At the time of the de-occupation, about 5 thousand remained there, and now the number of inhabitants increased to 25 thousand people. Some people who have lost their houses are provided with temporary housing.

People in the Kharkiv region were urged not to start work in dangerous places. To start work on the field, first of all, it is required that the area is surveyed by pyrotechnic units. After that, a farmer will receive a document certifying the safety of the territory. And only after that work on the field can start. Every week there are cases, and not only in the agro-industrial sphere, when people and special equipment fall victim to mines.

Demining in the Kharkiv region is being conducted only in certain areas, there are not enough units and equipment for large-scale demining. International volunteer organizations coming to the Kharkiv region are horrified by the density of mines in the region. Demining units receive from 300 to 800 applications from residents of the Kharkiv region during one day. Now more and more people go to their dachas, which is dangerous. Rescuers are now focused on demining the critical infrastructure so that power can be restored in the future. It was the critical infrastructure that the invaders deliberately mined.

The largest theater in Kharkiv, CXID Opera, resumes concerts on the big stage. For the time being, they will be irregular for security reasons, but gradually the number of concerts will increase. The Opera House partially resumed work in December last year. They equipped a small room for only 40 spectators next to the box office, and put a generator there so as not to interrupt the concerts during blackouts. Despite the hard winter during the war, the performances were in demand – there is still little entertainment in Kharkiv, theaters practically do not work, and movies in the cinemas are constantly interrupted by air raid alerts.

21-03-2023 Kharkiv during the war

Ukraine managed to return home 15 Ukrainian children. These are children from the cities of Kharkiv and Kherson regions, occupied at the beginning of the war. Until now, about three hundred deported children from the Kharkiv region have not been able to return home. In total, during the occupation, the Russians deported more than 500 children from our region, and only about two hundred have been returned.

Due to Russian aggression 1,818 people died in the Kharkiv region. Among the dead were 74 children. The youngest of them was five months old. At least 2,751 residents of the Kharkiv region were injured during the war. Among them – 216 children. In the Kharkiv region, more than 13 thousand crimes were registered connected with violations of the laws or customs of war.

The stronghold of the Russians was destroyed in the Kharkiv region. According to the State Border Service, this happened in the Kupyansk direction. Aerial reconnaissance aimed artillery at enemy positions, as a result of which the ammunition depot of the invaders was destroyed. A stronghold is a place prepared for all-round defense.

Covid-19 has returned to Kharkiv: specialists from the regional center for disease control and prevention are talking about a new wave. Epidemiologists express concern that during March the number of patients with Covid-19 is constantly growing and we can talk about a new coronovirus wave. But given the fact that a significant part of the population has been vaccinated against Covid-19, experts expect a lower intensity of the wave compared to the spring of 2021 and January-February 2022. At the same time, experts note the presence of hidden undiagnosed morbidity as a result of the low level of testing.

Today, thanks to international partners and volunteer efforts, the eighth batch of medical equipment for the Kharkiv region has arrived from Germany. As part of today’s aid supply from Nuremberg, cardiological equipment, equipment for ultrasound diagnostics, and functional beds were received. Soon the equipment will be sent to health care facilities in the Kharkiv region. By the way, more than 15 hospitals in the region have already benefited from the support from Nuremberg. First of all, these are district and regional health care facilities with particularly acute need for such medical equipment.

14-03-2023 Kharkiv during the war

Now approximately 1 million 100 thousand inhabitants live in Kharkiv, it is half of the population of the city before the war. A lot of work should be done to restore the damage caused by the Russian aggressor. Now there are about 150,000 Kharkiv residents without a roof over their heads.

On the night of March 9, the Russian invaders carried out another massive missile attack on Ukraine. 11 missiles were fired at Kharkiv, as a result of which thermal power plants and transformer substations were damaged, and the city itself was left without heating and water supply. Now the city has almost completely recovered from the last missile attack.

There was a time when there was no electricity in the houses of Kharkiv residents for almost two days. Now there are practically no such cases. There is electricity, water, central heating. It is unprecedented for Ukraine when the heating system was restarted for the eighth time.

The Russian Federation is using terror tactics, indiscriminately shelling towns and villages, thereby flagrantly violating the norms of international humanitarian law. The level of missile threat throughout Ukraine remains high.

The damage to the ecology of Kharkiv due to the war is estimated at 50 billion euros. In Kharkiv, more than 5,500 objects were damaged by shelling and turned into debris. These destructions have led to a colossal accumulation of construction debris: the remains of various materials, plastic and glass, which need urgent processing. In addition to clogging with construction debris, there is a problem of air pollution. Because of the shelling, there were many fires, so the air quality has deteriorated.

Snowmelt, spring floods and rain floods can lead to flooding in the Kharkiv region. Water flows contribute to the spread of bacteria and viruses pathogenic to humans, as well as chemicals from fields treated with pesticides. Therefore, the risk of outbreaks of infectious diseases, food poisoning, etc. increases.

07-03-2023 Kharkiv during the war

Starting today, March 7, in Kharkiv, where street lights have not been turned on since the beginning of a full-scale war, central highways and the busiest roads will be illuminated in the evening. Over time, more parts of the city will be illuminated and the time when street lamps are on will be increased. After the start of the large-scale Russian invasion of Ukraine, street lighting in the city was not used for security reasons.

Russian missiles destroyed not only the houses of Ukrainians: with their invasion, the occupiers radically changed the usual life of the inhabitants of peaceful cities. Border towns and villages are especially affected by Russian terror.

Kharkiv, as they say, is unlucky to have such a neighbour, because Russia is only 30 kilometers away. During the offensive of enemy troops and the occupation of nearby towns, Northern Saltivka suffered the most: it is now almost destroyed, in every house a “wound” from shells or shrapnel is visible. The city became one of the first targets of Russia’s war against Ukraine, so the scale of destruction here is especially great.

Another consequence of the hostilities for Kharkiv is the abundance of mines and unexploded ordnance within the city, especially in its northeastern part and in the forest park. At the end of January, residents of Northern Saltivka discovered an unexploded cluster bomb in a flower bed right next to their apartment building. It was frozen in the ground, and explosives technicians had to eliminate it right on the spot, in the middle of a residential area. It was really horrible how the mining process took place. The Russian troops had special launchers. In the morning, for example, there was nothing, in the afternoon there was nothing as well, and at night they fired cluster munitions, usually from a great distance. And since dawn mines were everywhere.

Since active hostilities are underway in the Kharkiv region, evacuation continues from the front-line settlements of the region. The enemy continues to shell the territory of the region. The evacuees receive the necessary assistance and temporary housing.

28-02-2023 Kharkiv during the war

The Russian occupiers continue deliberate strikes on civilian infrastructure and civilians in the Kharkiv region. This morning Kupyansk was shelled once again. Residential buildings were destroyed, the kindergarten building was damaged. The city park was also hit.

Despite being relaxed, the citizens of Kharkiv understood the inevitability of the war with Russia and that they would be the first to meet the enemy. The war continued since 2014, and in Kharkiv, situated only 40 km from the border with a potential aggressor, there was still a peaceful life. A young student city, with about 400 thousand students and a lot of foreigners, a sign that people felt confident. But beside this relaxed state, there was still an understanding that if the war started, it would start with us.

Because we are really the closest, here Russia begins just round the corner. One way or another, the city was ready for resistance. But the Russians were not ready. Because when they came here, it was supposed to be some kind of easy walk. Firstly, the Russians believed that here they would be greeted with flowers. And secondly, they were sure that the city was not protected. The Russians were completely unprepared, they did not understand how to fight. They thought that they would simply drive into the city in a column, take flowers from the hands of the local grateful population, change the flag over the city council or regional council – and go further to Kyiv.

On the anniversary of Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine, on February 24, the premiere of the four-episode military drama “I am Nadia” took place. The main characters of the film are the ambulance workers in Kharkiv, who in February-March 2022, despite the danger and shelling, remained in the city to save people. Although the series describes the work of doctors in Kharkiv, only the establishing shots were filmed in our city, in particular in Saltivka. The main shooting with the actors took place in Kyiv and the region. And although at all locations the film crew was helped by employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and rescuers, all the actors were aware of the risk.

21-02-2023 Kharkiv during the war

During a year of the full-scale armed aggression, Russian troops changed their tactics of shelling Kharkiv. At the beginning of the war, the most powerful shelling was recorded – with missiles, shells. Enemy shells destroyed the infrastructure of Kharkiv – residential and administrative buildings, educational institutions, kindergartens. This hostile tactic lasted approximately for 4-5 months. Then a period of relative calm followed, due to the fact that the enemy was pushed back from the city. Later, the intensity of the shelling increased again and it continued until the aggressor was driven away beyond the Ukrainian border in most of the territory of our region. After that the shelling became less intensive.

Recently, the intensity of the shelling has increased again. Russian troops hit many targets, including critical infrastructure objects. From the first day of the war the strikes were chaotic. But now the Russians are purposefully hitting the critical infrastructure, in particular, thermal power plants, because it’s the heating season now, they are hitting transformers in order to de-energize the city in this way. As for higher educational institutions, there is no one there. No students or other staff. But they strike on purpose to intimidate the population.

Kharkiv region is recovering from Russian missile attacks and continues to protect critical infrastructure objects. First of all, energy facilities that generate and transmit electricity should be protected from the occupiers. The construction of protective structures continues. The latest attacks have demonstrated the effectiveness of these efforts, and absence of emergency or planned power outages, among other factors, is due to such protective structures.

The “Army of restoration” will start working in Kharkiv. This is not a volunteer project, but employment for people who are ready to participate in community service. These works are also carried out by residents of communities affected by hostilities as a result of the Russian aggression. This happens under the “supervision” of the employment service. The employment service can involve the unemployed in removing rubble, eliminating the consequences of shelling, providing assistance to the victims, working in the “Points of Invincibility”, etc. Financing of socially useful works is carried out at the expense of the Compulsory State Social Insurance Fund of Ukraine in the case of unemployment.

14-02-2023 Kharkiv during the war

The Russian military have intensified the shelling of Kharkiv. The invaders deliberately destroy the city and the region, terrorizing the local residents. Only in the week from February 5 to February 12, the city was a target of four powerful attacks, 14 people received various injuries and wounds. Industrial enterprises, a university, the Central park, infrastructure facilities and residential buildings of Kharkiv citizens were damaged.

On February 10, at 4 am, the invaders launched 10 missile attacks on Kharkiv, all of them hit the critical infrastructure. Six hours later – a new strike, by preliminary information, with the Kalibr missile, aimed at the critical infrastructure objects of the city. As a result of another crime of the Russians, eight Kharkiv residents were injured, all of them are in the hospital, and two are in serious conditions.

Law enforcement officers record recent crimes of Russian terrorists and carry out appropriate investigative actions. Both on the battlefield and within the framework of the forthcoming tribunal, everybody will take responsibility for their actions. From the leaders of the regime to those who, with their tacit consent, let this terror happen.

The situation in the Kharkiv region is also tense. Residents of de-occupied cities near the Russian border are under daily fire from the Russian troops. These are Kupyansk, Vovchansk and the nearby settlements.

Despite the merciless destruction and human casualties, a broad campaign is underway in the Kharkiv region to recruit volunteers for new units of the Offensive Guard. First of all, highly motivated and patriotic citizens will be accepted to the assault brigades. In Kharkiv and the region, there are no problems with this – among those who want to serve in the guard are pensioners, women and children.

Even schoolchildren came and asked how to get into the Offensive Guard, but there is the age limit – from 18 to 60 years old. People aged 60 and over also applied. A certain number of women volunteered as well, but they are considered for narrowly focused specialties, such as cooks, paramedics, communication personnel.

07-02-2023 Kharkiv during the war

On February 5, at about 8:20 a.m., the Russian military launched a missile attack on the Kyivsky district of Kharkiv, as a result of which the building of the O. M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy was badly damaged. One of the missiles hit a five-story building of a higher educational institution and caused serious damage. Another enemy missile strike was near a residential building.

Employees of the State Bureau of Investigation in the de-occupied territory of the Kharkiv region discovered hidden documents of the occupiers, which identified Russian gunners who hit Kharkiv with long-range artillery. In one of the houses where the headquarters of the Russian military was located, they found a cache with secret documentation of the 138th motor rifle brigade from the Russian Federation. It was this brigade that fired at the residential area of ​​Northern Saltivka from June to August 2022 from Grad multiple rocket launchers, 152-millimeter Akatsiya self-propelled guns and other long-range artillery. Thanks to the documents found, it was possible to identify the servicemen, the numbers of the weapons that were assigned to them, their reports and much other information useful for the investigation.

In the updated General Plan of the city of Kharkiv, the entire infrastructure necessary for a comfortable life for the residents of Northern Saltivka will be within walking distance from home. As part of a pilot project developed by the team of the British architect Norman Foster, shops, educational institutions, sports facilities, places of recreation and work will be within walking distance. It is planned to build a new type of housing there – with underground parking, energy saving systems and local boiler houses.

31-01-2023 Kharkiv during the war

On the evening of January 29, Russia shelled Kharkiv. The rocket hit an apartment building in the Kyivsky district in the city center, killing one person and injuring three. The fourth floor of the part of the building was completely destroyed.

The actions of the Russian military may amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity, including torture, extrajudicial executions and enforced disappearances. Russian forces have carried out numerous indiscriminate strikes on densely populated areas and on energy infrastructure, leaving millions of people without electricity, water and heat.

Eight residents of the Kharkiv region have died from Covid-19 since the beginning of the year. In total, 118 cases of this disease were registered in January. One of the reasons is insufficient testing of patients with symptoms of acute respiratory viral infection for Covid-19, which leads to under-detection of cases. Fewer than 35 people are tested weekly in health care facilities of the region, while it is necessary to test 300 out of every 100,000 people.

People with mild cases of Covid-19 usually do not seek medical help. However, during the war and prolonged stress, the ability of the immune system to resist disease decreases, and as a result the number of deaths from Covid-19 among people under the age of 50 increases. PCR tests and rapid tests in communal health care facilities and in the regional center for disease control and prevention are free of charge.

Kharkiv ambulance medics do not leave their posts when air raid alerts sound, when Kharkiv is shelled and when the city has time to recover. They start their shift in the morning and return home the next day. They sleep in between call outs. They stay in Kharkiv because they love their city, because, they say, they once made a choice – to help people.

24-01-2023 Kharkiv during the war

In the Kharkiv region, steps are taken to strengthen our defense capabilities. The enemy does not cease fire, using multiple launch rocket systems, mortars, cannons, tanks. The enemy still aims at the Kharkiv region, the city of Kharkiv. We are at war, and we must be prepared for any development of events.

On 24 January UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi inspected the destruction in the northern district of Saltivka in Kharkiv, he got acquainted with the progress of repair work and talked with residents of damaged houses. He was shocked by the large-scale destruction that the Russian aggressor inflicted – of kindergartens, schools, infrastructure and residential multi-storey buildings. All cities have been heavily damaged, so the UN and other international organizations provide emergency aid to people affected by the war. Funds are allocated to those in need, humanitarian kits are handed over, and psychological support is provided.

In Kharkiv, children began to be vaccinated against coronavirus. Children aged 5 years and older can be vaccinated. After the centralized supply of the Comirnaty vaccine, children will be vaccinated in Kharkiv clinics with the consent of their parents (or legal representatives) and after examination by a pediatrician or a family doctor.

18-01-2023 Kharkiv during the war

Volunteers are involved in informing the population of the de-occupied territories about the danger of mines. Since the beginning of Russia’s armed aggression 130 civilians have been killed by explosions of mines and other ammunition in the Kharkiv region. Kharkiv region is by far the most contaminated with explosive objects area in Ukraine. Anti-personnel and anti-vehicle mines are often found in the de-occupied territories. There are also butterfly mines – such mines can be deployed remotely and they form entire minefields. Having received sufficient qualifications, volunteer groups will be able to professionally inform the population about the threats posed by explosive objects.

After another massive Russian missile attack on January 14, targeting vital Ukrainian infrastructure, the heating system had to be relaunched in Kharkiv for the sixth time because of the defects in the system.

On the afternoon of January 17, the Russian invaders attacked the city of Kupyansk. The S-300 missile hit the Kupyansky Motor Transport Professional College. There were no casualties. However, the premises of the educational institution were almost completely destroyed. The college in Kupyansk had already been damaged by the shelling, almost all its windows had been blown out. But now one of the buildings is completely destroyed.

The educational process in the de-occupied territories has been resumed. But it is difficult to call it a full-fledged education. In many villages there is no stable Internet, so children receive tasks by phone, in some villages there are not enough teachers, in others teachers cannot get their salaries.

11-01-2023 Kharkiv during the war

On 10 January 2023, German Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock visited Kharkiv. The visit was unannounced for security reasons. “This city is a symbol of the absolute madness of the Russian aggressive war in Ukraine. It is important for me that we do not lose sight of Ukraine’s place in our European family, even in this winter of the war,” – Annalena Baerbock said. Germany will help rebuild Kharkiv’s medical facilities, continue to provide military assistance to the region, and fund backup equipment for the critical infrastructure.

Russian missiles struck Kharkiv only hours after the visit of the German foreign minister. Explosions were heard in the city. Local residents were asked not to leave the shelters.

Russian war criminals in the morning of Monday, 9 January, launched a missile attack on the village of Shevchenkove in the Kharkiv region. The S-300 missile hit the territory of the local market, where many stalls were destroyed, two women died, and a child was wounded. At the same time, many people were trapped under the rubble.

Practically the only center of civilization left for people. This is how its employees speak about the central district hospital in the de-occupied Volchansk in the Kharkiv region. After the liberation of the city, the Russian military attacked the territory of the medical facility three times. Because of the constant rocket attacks in some wards windows were blown out. They were stuffed with plywood, and the patients were transferred to safer rooms. Doctors say that as a result of the shelling people get injured limbs. Most often, the hospital treats patients with mine-explosive injuries.

In Ukraine, even during the war, local volunteer initiatives continue to develop, trying to preserve the authentic local architecture and inspire citizens to appreciate the heritage that surrounds them. If we talk about the regional features of the architectural school of Kharkiv, it is unique as there are a lot of buildings in the Art Nouveau style. In particular, buildings in the Nordic modern style or, as it is also called, the National Romantic style. There are very few examples of such architecture throughout Ukraine. Volunteers have a lot of plans and desires. For the past two weeks, negotiations have been underway to protect those historic buildings that have been damaged by the shelling.

03-01-2023 Kharkiv during the war

In 2022, the life of every inhabitant of Kharkiv and the region was to some extent destroyed. The war has erased past lives, we have lost homes, jobs, families and friends. But Kharkiv survived and wasn’t occupied, almost the entire territory of the region was liberated from the Russians, the enemy’s shelling could not plunge the region into darkness and cold, and in some places restoration begins.

Despite the insufficient level of preparation for the war, in the first days of the Russian offensive Kharkiv residents united their efforts: public utilities worked, most high-rise buildings had heating, electricity and water, garbage was taken out of the city, hospitals and even maternity hospitals worked. People organized themselves: dozens of volunteer groups appeared in the city, bringing food from humanitarian aid distribution points to people in remote areas of the city or taking Kharkiv residents by car to cities further away from the frontline, residents of houses created spontaneous self-defense groups to fight marauders.

The September operation of the Armed Forces of Ukraine to liberate the Kharkiv region will be studied as exemplary in all military academies of the world, military historians and analysts say. It really became unique: within five days, from September 6 to September 11, 421 settlements and more than 8 thousand square kilometers were liberated from the invaders.

During the year, the Kharkiv region was losing people, housing stock, architectural monuments and enterprises. Since February 24, more than 1,600 civilians have died in the region, including 74 children, more than 2,500 people have been injured, and those who were forced to leave their homes have not yet been counted.

Kharkiv faced huge destruction of housing stock and infrastructure. According to the Kharkiv Regional Military Administration, 14,630 objects were damaged as a result of the shelling, most of them – residential buildings, educational institutions, life support facilities. 154 architectural monuments in the Kharkiv region suffered from the Russian shelling.

An Alley of Heroes will be created in Kharkiv, where the defenders of the city who died in the war with the Russian Federation will be immortalized. It will be in the center of Kharkiv, in its very heart. Design work has already begun and “nothing will stop” the laying of the Alley of Heroes in the spring of this year.

20-12-2022 Kharkiv during the war

After missile strikes on December 16, when 10 missiles hit the Kharkiv region, Kharkiv and the entire region were completely de-energized. The ninth massive shelling of the Ukrainian energy infrastructure on Friday actually left half of the country without electricity, heating and water. Repair crews are working around the clock, but weather conditions complicate the restoration process.

At the same time, the service on the subway lines has been fully restored in the city, and the city’s Christmas tree has been installed at the central metro station “Universitet”. The station was decorated, and even a “Santa Claus house” was installed there. Presumably, Santa Claus will receive letters of wishes from the citizens of Kharkiv.

During 300 days of the war in the Kharkiv region, 1,663 people died at the hands of the invaders, including 74 children. However, 300 days of our resistance have proved that there are no pro-Russian sentiments in Kharkiv. Kharkiv showed its character and inspired our other cities to fight.

Russia has already deported more than 50,000 children from the temporarily occupied territories of Ukraine. Human rights activists provide such a figure. Minors are immediately issued documents so that they can be taken to their new families. They change their names to make it more difficult to find them later. Toddlers and teenagers go through “medical filtering” because Russians only want healthy Ukrainian children. In order to finally re-educate minors and eradicate everything Ukrainian from them, potential parents undergo courses of ideological education before adoption. The process of returning minors to Ukraine is very complicated. To date, Ukraine has managed to return no more than a hundred children.

14-12-2022 Kharkiv during the war

The Security Service of Ukraine in cooperation with the National Police and the Office of the Prosecutor General continues to expose the war criminals of the aggressor country. As a result of investigation, six representatives of the high command of the Western military district have been identified who took part in the planning, preparation and conduct of hostilities against the Defense Forces on the eastern front. At the beginning of a full-scale invasion, they gave orders to the Russian troops to break through the state border of Ukraine and storm the towns and villages of the Kharkiv region. The Security Service is taking further comprehensive measures to bring the invaders to justice for crimes against Ukraine.

The Armed Forces of Ukraine are testing a reconnaissance drone developed by Kharkiv engineers. Its main feature is invisibility to enemy radars. Once this small airplane lived a peaceful life. Eight years ago, the developers of the ELF-systems company from Kharkiv made a drone for agricultural needs. It was used in geodesy and mapping, but on February 24, the UAV changed its purpose and received a new name – “Elf”.

In the “invincibility stations” deployed in Kharkiv, citizens can not only warm up, drink tea, recharge their gadgets, but also receive qualified psychological support and psychological consultations from specialists. The work of psychologists with citizens in heating points is one of the directions of the implementation of the National program for mental health and psychosocial support of the population. The measures are aimed at providing psychological assistance to every person affected by the war.

The utility company “Kharkiv Heating Networks” received a powerful generator from the German city of Nuremberg to power the boiler house. First, the twin city, together with the Kharkiv-Nuremberg Association, donated more than 400 000 Euros for the reconstruction of the boiler house of the cancer center, destroyed by a direct hit by a Russian shell, and in October a diesel generator was donated, which is already on round-the-clock duty at the boiler house in the Slobodsky district. Now, thanks to the generator from the German friends, the boiler house can work even during long rolling or emergency shutdowns.

06-12-2022 Kharkiv during the war

In Kharkiv, for security reasons, a Christmas tree will be installed at the metro station. The day before, the Christmas tree was already delivered to the metro and now it will be decorated.

Heads of healthcare facilities constantly monitor the amount of the fuel supply for autonomous power supply sources. Hospitals and maternity hospitals in the city of Kharkiv are provided with autonomous power supply sources in case of emergency power supply cuts. Diesel and gasoline generators are provided to healthcare facilities where operations are carried out with the help of equipment that requires constant power supply. For uninterrupted work of autonomous power supply sources they have a fuel reserve of up to 5 days.

The companies-members of the Union of Manufacturers of Joinery of France plan to transfer more than 150 generators to the city. The French partners plans to provide Kharkiv with generators with a capacity of 5 to 20 kW. Other French enterprises and organizations were called to join the action in support of the city of Kharkiv, which is facing all the devastating consequences of the Russian aggression. It is planned that the generators will arrive in Kharkiv in the first decade of January 2023.

The British newspaper The Daily Telegraph published a striking photo from Kharkiv. In the photo, the police officers are inspecting a huge pile of fragments of the rockets that the Kremlin used to hit the Ukraine’s second-largest city. The collected remains of rockets and artillery shells fired at Kharkov by the Russian army for more than nine months of the war are shocking.

On December 6, on the Day of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky arrived in Kharkiv. He visited a military hospital, thanked the medical workers who save the lives of the Ukrainian military, and the military themselves who defend Ukraine.

29-11-2022 Kharkiv during the war

Since the beginning of September, pyrotechnicians have destroyed more than 44,000 mines in the Kharkiv region. During the day, 64 explosive objects were neutralized. Humanitarian demining in the region continues.

In Kharkiv today there is a shortage of electricity. Emergency power outages occur. In the morning, the majority of citizens of Kharkiv and the region have no electricity. Residents remain without electricity for 10-12 hours. In Kharkiv, they save electricity in public spaces in order to supply more electricity to residential buildings. Now there is a power outage schedule that is in effect in all districts of Kharkiv. All utilities in Kharkov are provided in full. There is heating and water.

In Kharkiv and the region, in towns and villages, invincibility stations are opened in educational, administrative institutions, health facilities and fire departments. It is in these specially equipped rooms that local residents can warm up, charge their gadgets and receive food and first aid during the blackout. In total, about 300 such stations are deployed in the Kharkiv region.

The process of restoring the housing stock of Kharkiv, which was badly damaged due to the shelling by the Russian troops, continues. Utilities workers and contractors repair roofs, facades and plumbing systems. They continue to install plastic windows and balcony doors in apartments and entrances of residential buildings damaged as a result of shelling.

Kupyansk was left without a hospital serving 120,000 people. On the morning of November 25, the Russians fired at a medical facility and a playground. They hit with S-300 missiles. Fortunately, there were no casualties. Last year, the medical facility underwent a major renovation. The hospital had neurological, surgical, cardiological, traumatological, gynecological, diagnostic and emergency medicine departments.

22-11-2022 Kharkiv during the war

The Russians do not stop their attempts to regain their lost positions. Russian occupiers are trying to counterattack in the Kupyansk direction in the Kharkiv region. The enemy also continues to shell settlements, located along the border of the Kharkiv region with the Russian Federation.

Hundreds of civilians in the Kharkiv region became victims of torture in prisons organised by the Russians in the occupied territories. Now it is known about 25 large torture chambers, the largest ones were found in Volchansk, Balakliya and Izyum. Police stations, large enterprises, railway stations and even schools were turned into prisons during the occupation of part of the Kharkiv region. Anyone could get there: participants of the Anti-terrorist operation and people who communicated in Ukrainian on the street, entrepreneurs, officials and just passers-by who came close to checkpoints.

There were 12-20 people in one cell, tightly packed. But there were exceptions as well. The Russians did not make any concessions for women. On the walls, prisoners scratched the number of days they spent in dungeons and wrote prayers. The police say it resembled a real concentration camp. The methods of torture were not different throughout the occupied territory. Often prisoners were electrocuted, their arms were broken with clubs and pipes, sometimes their nails were torn out.

The Kharkiv master plan has been updated since the beginning of the war. Representatives of the City Council promise to present it. This was discussed at a meeting of working groups under the auspices of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. Kharkiv citizens will see an updated plan by the end of the year. Conceptually, a new type of a transport system, infrastructure of the city will be presented in the near future.

In the next academic year, Kharkiv schools will receive new names. More than a dozen schools still bear the names of the heroes of the USSR. Perhaps there will be schools with the names of Ukrainian Heroes.

15-11-2022 Kharkiv during the war

On November 15 Russian terrorists massively shelled Ukrainian cities. The occupiers hit the Ukrainian infrastructure facilities, and, as a result, emergency power outages are introduced throughout Ukraine. Around 16:00 on November 15, Kharkiv residents heard approximately four powerful explosions. Residents of the city complained about power surges, and afterwards the light disappeared. Subsequently, it became known that the traffic in the Kharkiv metro was temporarily suspended. Ground electric transport didn’t run either. There were missile strikes at a critical infrastructure facility. Power engineers and public utilities workers are doing everything to normalize the life of Kharkiv as soon as possible.

A central hospital is being rebuilt in Balakliya. The medical facility was severely damaged due to the enemy’s shelling. During the occupation of Balakliya, the Russians set up barracks in the hospital. Then they removed and destroyed almost all medical equipment. While retreating, the invaders fired at the buildings of the medical facility. Vinnytsia became a twin town for the de-occupied Balakliya. Warm clothes, toys, bicycles, books, food, etc. arrived in Balakliya. Goods were collected by volunteers together with caring residents of Vinnytsia for the residents of the de-occupied community.

In the village of Lyptsi, the invaders destroyed the hospital, so a place was set up in the pharmacy for the initial examination of the residents. This is a temporary but necessary solution. The place has the telemedicine equipment, and residents can undergo an initial medical examination, contact a family doctor or a specialist from a regional medical facility. The pharmacy is equipped with a Starlink system and a generator. Also in this pharmacy people can get medicine for free under the program of medical guarantees.

In Izyum, an emergency medical assistance unit has been opened. The government and people of Poland helped with opening of such a first-aid unit. A modular house has been installed to accommodate Izyum emergency health care workers. It is equipped with everything necessary for a comfortable stay of paramedics: heating, electricity, shower and toilet rooms, a lounge, etc.

08-11-2022 Kharkiv during the war

The Russian occupiers, fleeing from Izium, forgot the folder with secret documents. They contain information about how the “implementation” of Russian education in Kharkiv region was supposed to take place. According to the occupiers’ plans, Ukrainian schoolchildren on completion of the grade 11 were to receive Russian school leaving certificates issued by the Belgorod region. In addition, Russian teachers, in particular “teachers of history and literature” were to be brought to the region to introduce “patriotic education”. At the same time, Ukrainian schoolchildren had to focus only on universities in the Belgorod region.

Before the full-scale invasion an agricultural farm in Kharkiv region produced 40 tons of milk every day. It was one of the most advanced technological farms in Kharkiv region and in Ukraine in general, with the newest machinery, up-to-date technologies, especially in the sphere of laying-in of fodder and animal fertilisation.

After the so-called “management” of the occupiers, most of the cows died at the enterprise. Animal boxes were broken by shelling, equipment was stolen and mutilated. But in spite of all the destruction and losses, the farm resumed its work in October. Carcasses of dead animals were scattered throughout the farm. In total, farmers have lost 2,000 cows – this is more than half of the livestock. Cows died from injuries caused by shell fragments, mine explosions or by being trapped under rubble. The production of the agricultural farm began to be restored in October. Now there are about a thousand cows here. Several calves were born. There is still no light here, and most animal boxes are destroyed. But the survived boxes are being prepared for wintering.

From now on, the municipal enterprise and animal rights activists will jointly sterilise animals, put a clip and tattoo, vaccinate against rabies, enter data into a single municipal register and return to the place of catch under the care of volunteers or caring people with whom a contract of responsible maintenance of a homeless animal will be concluded. Previously, animals were caught, placed in a shelter and a new owner for them was looked for, but, of course, there was not enough space for everyone. Last year, the legislation changed, according to which animals can stay on the street, but they must be registered, have no ability to reproduce (be sterilised) and they should have a guardian responsible for their wellbeing and behaviour. The use of euthanasia of homeless animals is prohibited by law, so measures should be taken for the peaceful coexistence of people and animals in the city.

01-11-2022 Kharkiv during the war

On October 31, in the morning, the Russians launched missile strikes at Kharkiv. According to preliminary data, these were S-300 missiles that were launched from Belgorod. Critical infrastructure facilities are damaged. The lack of power supply has caused problems with water and heat supply, but power engineers and utility workers are doing everything possible to resume water supply to Kharkiv houses as soon as possible.

Kharkiv has changed a lot, many citizens have returned, businesses and cafes have begun to open. But everything depends on the district of the city. If we are talking about the centre, it’s one thing, and if we mean Saltovka, especially Severnaya, which was heavily shelled at the beginning of the Russian invasion and in the following months, there is an extremely difficult situation with very few people living there. But in general life returns to Kharkiv, although it is clear that the city is wounded, missile attacks have not stopped. Yes, fortunately, they do not happen every day anymore, but a day, two or three passes, and missile strikes hit the city again.

Houses damaged as a result of Russian occupation troops strikes are being restored and reconstructed in different districts of Kharkiv. Communication systems are sometimes not only repaired, but also modernised. Windows in Kharkiv are now mostly covered with plates and not with polyethylene film because of the cold weather.

25-10-2022 Kharkiv during the war

Near Kharkiv, rescue workers organised a landfill, where parts of the shells fired by the invaders at the city are collected. In total, there are about five thousand units of deadly weapons fired by Russia at the civilian population of the city in that shell landfill. The Russians literally showered the city with shells, including prohibited weapons, which killed and injured a significant number of civilians while exploding.

Doctors and rescue workers of the Kharkiv region were given 1000 protective suits. These suits protect against chemical, radiation and biological threats. 700 sets were handed over to doctors, and 300 sets were given to rescue workers. Benefactors from Germany and the United States of America, as well as donors from the UK, promise to continue to support the Kharkiv region. They plan to hand over sets of military uniforms.

Kharkiv volunteers weave camouflage nets made of Russian military uniforms. The material is brought to them by Ukrainian defenders. Volunteers chop them with an axe to make it easier to cut strips further and call it “therapy”.

After eight months of the war, Kharkiv is turning into a city without business. Business activity in Kharkiv fell by more than 60% during the war (data from the European Business Association). Large enterprises have either lost their workshops due to shelling or moved to other areas or abroad, small and medium-sized enterprises cannot obtain credit and have lost employees.

Every third entrepreneur left Kharkiv, and half either stopped their activities or experience big problems with sales — that is, they work with losses. The top problem is security, its solution depends on whether we win the war. The second problem is a drop in purchasing power of the population, disruption of logistics, lack of opportunity to attract personnel which left the city. Businesses demand that the government simplifies all bureaucratic procedures for starting and running a business, abolishes or minimises all city taxes.

18-10-2022 Kharkiv during the war

On the morning of October 18, Russian invaders shelled Kharkiv. There were two series of explosions in the city in five minutes. In Kharkiv, Russian troops destroyed warehouses with humanitarian aid with a missile strike from Belgorod this morning.

Despite all the attempts of the Russian military to destroy the Kharkiv region, the main vital infrastructure in the territories liberated from the invaders is being restored at a fairly high pace. To date, more than 60% of the de-occupied territories have restored power supply. Work continues to prepare the region for the heating period. Where possible, specialists are restoring housing stock and preparing infrastructure for low temperatures.

The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) delivered generators to healthcare facilities. It is reported that the power of the generators is sufficient to provide electricity, and therefore ensure uninterrupted water and heat supply. Enemy troops are cynically firing at critical infrastructure, so generators are essential to ensure a comfortable life for the residents of Kharkiv and the region.

Ukrainian military and police find Russian occupiers in the forests of the Kharkiv region almost every day. Due to hunger, they go to settlements, where they are detained. And in accordance with the provisions of the Geneva Conventions, they replenish the exchange fund of prisoners of war.

An analysis of the contents of the backpack of a Russian paramedic was carried out, from which it became clear that no one was going to save the Russians on the battlefield. It is designed for 50 people, but there are only 2 Esmarch tourniquets in it. For one person, you need twice as many as in the backpack of a paramedic for 50 people. Therefore, analyzing the contents of the paramedic’s backpack, we can conclude that the Russians will die if they are wounded. They will have nothing to provide medical care and stop heavy bleeding.

11-10-2022 Kharkiv during the war

As a result of a massive enemy missile strike on Kharkiv on the morning of October 10, the city’s electricity and water supply was disrupted. After the shelling of the critical infrastructure that ensures the proper functioning of all the city systems, Kharkiv was completely deenergised, there was no electricity and water supply. The subway worked as a shelter. Now the water supply is uninterrupted, but in the case of power outages there might be restrictions and interruption of water supply.
37 more children deported by the rashists returned home. At the end of August, the children were forcibly taken out of Kharkiv region to Russia, despite the fact that all of them have parents. The children have returned to their parents. Families are already reunited and are in a safe place in Transcarpathia. International humanitarian organisations helped by providing essential goods.
New evidence of the Russian genocide against Ukrainians is found on the liberated territory of Kharkiv region. The Russian army was in Kharkiv region for more than 5 months. And during that time, the occupiers didn’t even try to do anything for people. What they did was destroy, loot, take away, they left behind devastated villages, and some of them do not have a single surviving house. The occupiers turned schools into garbage dumpsters. The churches are broken, literally turned into toilets. The world must see this destruction, feel the pain that Russia has brought to Ukrainians. Law enforcement officers are already documenting evidences of murder, torture, kidnapping by the occupiers.
In the liberated city of Izyum, Kharkiv region, exhumation from the mass grave of residents killed by the occupiers is completed – a total of 447 bodies were exhumed, including 215 women and 5 children. Most of the victims have signs of violent death and 30 have signs of torture. There are bodies with ropes around their necks, with tied hands, broken limbs and gunshot wounds. Several men have genitals amputated.

04-10-2022 Kharkiv during the war

The reconstruction of Kharkiv after the Russian aggression under martial law will be discussed at the 83rd session of UNECE Committee on Urban Development, Housing and Land Management. There will be a separate panel dedicated to Kharkiv at the Committee session. The Master Plan for the Development of the City of Kharkiv will be presented at the Committee, this plan is being developed by British architects headed by Norman Foster, who will also take part in the meeting. The master plan will, first of all, clearly outline a new approach to the economy of Kharkiv. Industrial parks and IT clusters will be created to make Kharkiv a self-sufficient, strong and economically independent city, as it was before the war. The master plan will include residential development, new commercial and administrative buildings.

Branches of the municipal enterprise “Kharkiv Heating Networks” are ready to start a new heating season in hospitals and maternity hospitals. So, if necessary, the heating will be turned on ahead of schedule. Now all necessary measures are being taken to prevent coolant leaks and save heat energy, quickly identify weaknesses in the system and eliminate possible defects.

One of the main conditions for the return of residents to the deoccupied settlements is demining and general cleaning of territories. First, the liberated territory is inspected by pyrotechnics, then road service specialists begin to work. After that volunteers, doctors, utility workers can go there and deliver humanitarian aid to people who have been under occupation for months. In Kharkiv region, road clearing has been going on since mid-September. During this time, representatives of various services cleared 312 km of roads of national importance and municipal streets of Izyum and Balakliya.

27-09-2022 Kharkiv during the war

In Kharkiv region, Russian soldiers lived in one of the rural schools during the occupation. Prosecutors have shown and recorded what the educational institution looks like after the temporary occupation. The occupiers turned the school where little Ukrainians studied into a dump and weapons storage. Mud, ammunition, remnants of Russian rations and bottles of alcohol were all over the place.

Representatives of the Red Cross reported their readiness to provide financial assistance to four thousand households, which became victims of the shelling. The money will be used to repair, install windows and pay for other works. The Red Cross also works closely with Kharkiv Heating Networks. Assistance to Kharkiv will continue.

There are problems with access to medical services in the de-occupied territories of Kharkiv region, because health care facilities have been damaged or completely destroyed in all communities. In Balakliya, where previously 46,000 residents lived, and now about 15,000 remained, there are five doctors left in the hospital. The hospital was mined and damaged, the equipment was destroyed and looted, so they have to work in specially adapted rooms. Three doctors work at the primary level, while there were 25 of them before the occupation. The community in Shevchenkove settlement needs outpatient doctors, but they have enough specialized doctors. There is a difficult situation with access to medical care in Izium. In fact, the hospital has been severely damaged and cannot function properly.

In general, there are problems with access to full medical treatment in each of the liberated communities. Emergency medical teams and disaster medical assistance teams help in some places. First of all, medical care is provided to low-mobility groups of the population and people with chronic diseases. Additional disaster medical assistance teams are involved. Also, the necessary medicines are already being delivered to the region.

20-09-2022 Kharkiv during the war

The regional prosecutor’s office reported that 55 children died at the hands of Russians in Kharkiv region since the beginning of Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine. Another 171 children had injuries of varying severity. According to the law enforcement officers, 253 educational institutions, including 132 schools, were damaged as a result of constant shelling and missile strikes on the civil infrastructure of Kharkiv. 21 educational institutions have been completely destroyed. Lack of morality, genocide, terror, murder of children are synonyms that reflect the essence of the Russian army. Fighting with the youngest citizens of Ukraine is how the servicemen of the aggressor country position themselves.

On September 15 in Izium, the city in Kharkiv region,a mass grave was found. The bodies were found in the forest near the city cemetery. The exhumation began on September 16. Most of the 146 bodies withdrawn as of September 19 are civilians, including two children. Some of the dead have signs of violent death, there are bodies with their arms tied and signs of torture. The dead also have mine-explosive injuries, fragment and stab wounds.

In Kharkiv region, as a result of the armed aggression of Russia, according to preliminary data, 166 health care facilities were damaged and seven more were completely destroyed. For more than 7 months, our doctors in the occupation did the impossible – under the shelling and constant threats they continued to save the lives and health of Ukrainians. All this time, the Russians deliberately destroyed and struck our medical system as much as possible. They destroyed the walls, disfigured our hospitals, but, fortunately, we managed to preserve the most valuable – our people.

For each health care facility an assessment of the damage caused by the enemy is carried out. Shells and missiles of the Russian army destroyed significantly the medical infrastructure in Kharkiv region, in addition the invaders removed expensive equipment, medicines and consumables from hospitals.

13-09-2022 Kharkiv during the war

The Armed Forces of Ukraine have inflicted a major operational defeat on Russia, recapturing almost the entire Kharkiv region in a rapid counteroffensive. Ukrainian troops liberated from the occupiers more than 300 settlements in Kharkiv region. The operation to liberate Kharkiv region lasted several days. From September 6 to the present day, 3,800 square kilometres have been liberated, more than 300 settlements and about 150,000 of our people have become free from the occupation, where they were actually hostages.
However, the Russians obviously cannot accept such humiliation and continue to terrorise civilians, launching attacks against, among other objects, critical infrastructure facilities, to leave peaceful Ukrainians without light and heat. The enemy hit the local thermal power plant – the fire was visible from all parts of the city. All night, the firefighters struggled to overcome the consequences of the strike together with power engineers and utility workers. Many transformer substations were attacked by the aggressor with missile strikes, there were dead and wounded people.
By the morning, electricity was restored in almost all districts of the city. Electric transport and subway started working. In districts where there were power outages buses were launched. However, water supplies could not be resumed.
In the afternoon, the enemy launched a second attack on Kharkiv. This time, the Hurricane rocket systems fired on the city. The electricity disappeared again, the restoration of water supply was also delayed. The occupiers hit the residential neighbourhoods. One person was killed and six others were injured.
What the Russian aggressor is doing today is leading a war against the population of Kharkiv, a war of annihilation, because bombing transformer substations was not accidental, it was done so that Kharkiv was left without utilities.

06-09-2022 Kharkiv during the war

Due to the shelling in Kharkiv, more than 4,000 residential buildings, 110 schools, more than 100 kindergartens, more than 50 health care institutions and hundreds of other administrative and nonresidential buildings were destroyed to varying degrees.
30% of the housing stock has been destroyed to some extent. 150,000 Kharkiv citizens are left without apartments today, without housing. Some people have left, some have fled Ukraine, and some are in other areas where the situation is safer today. But many Kharkiv residents remain in the city, in areas that are less susceptible to shelling.
All people who are in the city use trolleybuses, trams, municipal buses and subways free of charge. There are pharmacies, supermarkets, markets in Kharkiv, part of the business operates – some cafes, small coffee shops, restaurants.
The enemy is purposefully destroying the heat supply system. There’s a heating season ahead and cold weather. Recent shelling shows that the aggressors are purposefully bombing the infrastructure of “Kharkiv Heating Networks” – Heat and Power Plant, boiler houses, heating mains. And a lot depends on how the city prepares for the heating season, how it will act during the shelling in the autumn-winter period. Representatives of foreign funds plan to provide Kharkiv with thermal appliances and fuel for them, assist in replacing windows and doors, as well as help with the maintenance of collective centres for internally displaced persons.
In Ukraine, 500 episodes of Russia’s war crimes against Ukrainian cultural heritage were recorded. Since the beginning of the full-scale Russian invasion of Ukraine 30 museums have been destroyed to varying degrees in Kharkiv.

31-08-2022 Kharkiv during the war
Using Kharkiv as an example, the Russian military demonstrate that they can also hit other cities, including the capital of Ukraine. Russia undertook the task to strike the main decision-making centres. But instead of Kyiv, they decided to apply this approach to Kharkiv. Kharkiv is a political centre, the most powerful technological and military centre and, of course, one of the symbols of Ukraine as the second largest city, the second capital of Ukraine. There are two options. On the one hand, to suppress all resistance centres in such an important city as Kharkiv, to sow panic. In addition, to destroy industry and especially important defence plants of Ukraine.
Analysts predict Ukraine’s post-war startup boom. New solutions in the fields of defence and cybersecurity, construction and infrastructure, health and medicine, education, as well as the agricultural sector and green technologies are expected to be the most popular. These are startups that produce drones, software, cybersecurity products. Thanks to military technology, we can strengthen our defenders on the battlefield, hold the technological front, defend and counterattack. The priority is everything that will help minimise human casualties among our military personnel and win the war. Ukraine definitely has a chance to take a leading position in the field of military-tech with insane motivation and incredible human resources.
New construction technologies will be in demand in Ukraine – in connection with the enormous destruction of housing and civil infrastructure as a result of Russian aggression. There is a chance to rebuild what Ukraine got as its outdated Soviet heritage. And Ukrainian startups can definitely become an important part of this process.
Educational technologies have been important since the COVID-19 pandemic, and the evacuation of many Ukrainians has made such platforms even more popular. Technologies in the field of health and medicine also began to develop rapidly in the pre-war period – and now applications aimed at providing first aid have been in demand.

24-08-2022 Kharkiv during the war

Kharkiv celebrates City Day on August 23. Since the first days of the war, the Hero City of Ukraine has been under fire, but firmly holds the line of defence and continues to live.

Kharkiv turned 368 this year. The main city holiday coincides with the Day of the National Flag and the Day of Liberation from the Nazi invaders. Now Kharkiv is again forced to fight with the occupiers, but this time with the Russian ones. Because of the war today Kharkiv citizens will not be able to celebrate City Day as before.

Since the first day of the Russian invasion, Kharkiv has been attacked with missiles, its infrastructure and cultural monuments have been destroyed. Russian troops planned to quickly capture the city, but all their attempts failed.

On March 6, 2022, President Volodymyr Zelenskyy awarded Kharkiv the title “Hero City of Ukraine” for the heroic deeds and mass heroism of citizens in response to the Russian aggression.

At the beginning of the war, Kharkiv was bombarded by air bombs, shelled with Iskander, Calibre missiles, by multiple rocket launchers and artillery. During all six months of the war the aggressor’s troops continue daily attacks.

There is a lot of destruction in all districts of Kharkiv. Severnaya Saltovka, where about 300 000 people lived before the war, suffered the most. Now more than 70% of highrise buildings there are uninhabitable.

Trams on many routes have stopped working in the city. Depots and tram parks are constantly shelled.

Kharkiv public transport is now functioning, travel in it remains free. The subway has resumed its work, but continues to serve as a shelter in case of an air alarm.

Kharkiv is called the student capital of Ukraine – more than 30 universities are located here. The missiles damaged the buildings of many educational institutions. Karazin Kharkiv National University, the second oldest university in Ukraine after Lviv National University, suffered severely from the shelling.

Kharkiv is preparing for the school year, but schools will only work remotely. The same on-line format of education was chosen by universities.

17-08-2022 Kharkiv during the war

More than 10 missiles were launched: at night the occupiers shelled Kharkiv and the region from the territory of Belgorod. As a result of the enemy’s missile attack, private houses, outbuildings, industrial and infrastructure facilities were damaged. Three civilians were hospitalised with injuries. The premises of the educational institution were damaged in Zolochev.
Active combat operations continue along the contact line, the enemy uses artillery, multiple launch rocket systems, tanks, aviation.
In Kharkiv region, 10% of parents and 9% of teachers believe that education can be offline. That is the lowest figure in Ukraine. One of the fundamental conditions for the return of educational institutions to offline education, according to both teachers and parents, is a reliable shelter in the school premises and compliance with security measures. According to the results of the survey, distance learning in Kharkiv region is supported by 67% of parents, 27% found it difficult to answer, while 72% of teachers also support online studies and 19% found it difficult to answer.
Residents of Kharkiv and the region with complex mine blast and burn injuries, oncological pathology, as well as people with diseases that require a complex specialised treatment can go to the EU countries or the Lviv region for medical treatment. To get this opportunity, they should consult a family doctor or apply for medical evacuation. An application form must be filled in, specifying the place of residence, passport details, diagnosis, and a scan of the summary of the medical record should be added.
During the full-scale invasion of Russia 160 patients from Kharkiv region went for rehabilitation and treatment to the EU countries and Lviv region. 101 people are being treated in Lviv region, another 59 patients, including 11 children, are undergoing rehabilitation in clinics in Germany, Poland, Italy, France and Spain. Referral of patients is made by specialists of regional and city medical institutions, as well as representatives of Medecins Sans Frontieres.

10-08-2022 Kharkiv during the war

Since the beginning of a full-scale war more than 1000 civilians have been killed and twice as many injured in Kharkiv and Kharkiv region as a result of the actions of the Russian occupiers. Among those killed are 50 children. The smallest victim of the aggressor’s actions is a 5-month-old baby. The aggressor state terrorises and kills civilians.

Kharkiv receives humanitarian aid from international partners. Sister cities and international partners continue to provide assistance to Kharkiv residents. The cities of Kiel (Germany) and Strasbourg (France) have sent medicines, hygiene products, sheets, sleeping bags, crutches and wheelchairs to Kharkiv.

Another cargo was received from the city of Poznan (Poland), which included 33 pallets with hygiene products, medicines, light sources, batteries, power banks and food collected by the Poznan Youth Council. Also 33 pallets with food and hygiene products were sent to Kharkiv citizens from Genoa (Italy). In addition, more than 20 thousand packages of medicines for various purposes were handed over to Kharkiv citizens by the Association of Medical and Charitable Assistance “France-Ukraine”.

The enemy deliberately shells Kharkiv heating and power plants to cause problems with the beginning of the heating season. There is significant damage, but everything is done to repair it. Kharkiv will be supplied with heat from different sources. In addition, coal and gas will be provided.

Ukrainians can download a new mobile mine safety application “MineFree”. According to the State Emergency Service of Ukraine, everyone who installs it will have the opportunity to see the map, on which potentially dangerous territories are marked; receive notification in case of approaching a dangerous object; familiarise oneself with the handbook, which contains a photo and description of explosive objects; report on the detection of explosive or suspicious objects.

03-08-2022 Kharkiv during the war

Despite the fact that Kharkiv is subjected to missile strikes and artillery shelling by the Russian army on a daily basis, local residents do not lose heart. Helpless old people are, of course, in the most difficult situation, but during the war they found their kindred spirits. Not by blood, by heart call. As locals bitterly and proudly say, now Kharkiv has become the “capital of care and mutual assistance”.

Russia strikes Kharkiv every day – and you can only dream of a normal sleep, as well as of a forgotten sense of security. However, the locals believe in the best, that our army will cope with this horde. In the meantime, they help both our soldiers and their neighbours.

The Russian occupiers, despite numerous failures, hope that they will be able to capture Kharkiv. The enemy continues to shell residential neighbourhoods and tries to move towards the city. Because of the failures they decided to wipe the city off the face of the earth.

Despite this, many locals remain in the city and the region. They live even in almost completely destroyed houses, cook their own food on fires, and go to the springs for water.

The city continues to improve people’s lives to make them comfortable even in such a difficult situation. In particular, Kharkiv is actively preparing for the heating season, main pipelines are being laid, utility service providers are working normally. Metro and public transport also function, shops try not to stop working. Because of the war, public transport runs free of charge so that every resident of the city can use it.

26-07-2022 Kharkiv during the war

Kharkiv is under constant shelling and is hit by Russian missiles almost every day. But despite the difficult situation, all municipal service centres, public transport, supermarkets and pharmacies continue to work. In addition, the city is now preparing for the heating season.
In the last month shelling has increased. If at the end of June the Russians hit Kharkiv mainly at night, now they resumed chaotic strikes on public transport stops, targeted at random passers-by, including children. Educational institutions have been among other targets of the Russians. The sports complex of Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute, pedagogical university, schools in all districts of the city suffered from such strikes.
It seems that the shelling with a large number of victims is the main goal of Russian attacks on Kharkiv. Over the past week, the Russians have been shelling the city in the middle of the day, aiming at places where there would be as many victims as possible. They use cluster munitions, which fragments are dispersed in different directions.
There was a period when Kharkiv was not shelled for five days. And immediately a lot of small and medium-sized businesses and industrial enterprises began to open. But, unfortunately, the shelling continued, because the Russian aggressor was not satisfied that Kharkiv began to restart its activities. And as a result, people now cannot work, receive wages, buy food, medicines, essential goods.
Safe stops for public transport will be installed in Kharkiv within 2-3 weeks. The first 25 places where they will be installed have already been identified – on the busiest routes of trolleybuses, buses and trams. These will be reinforced concrete structures located next to the stopping pavilions. In the event of a threat of artillery shelling, it will be possible to hide there and wait out the air raid alarm. Such shelters exist in Israel, for example. And they prove to be effective in protecting against shells and scattering of fragments.

19-07-2022 Kharkiv during the war

Since the beginning of the war, Russian occupiers have destroyed 110 schools in Kharkiv, 50 medical institutions and 60 kindergartens. There are 150,000 Kharkiv citizens left without apartments today. Residents whose housing was destroyed were resettled in dormitories and schools, but the occupiers are shelling them.
Kharkiv district Saltovka has become one of the centres constantly hit by Russian troops. Among the ruins, the inhabitants continue to survive there. With the beginning of a full-scale war, life on Saltovka turned into a lottery: one house is hit, another not. One apartment turned into ashes, the next one turned out to be intact. There are fewer and fewer surviving buildings every month. Now Saltovka has become a ghost town.
Locals have already learned to recognise by sound and fragments which shells and missiles are being fired. The Russian Federation widely uses prohibited cluster munitions and unguided missiles. And yet people live here, in houses without gas and water, in some places only one or two tenants in a house of 60 or more apartments. Last week, in some houses electricity was turned on again, several people returned there from subway stations or other shelters. But it is still a negligible part of the pre-war population of Saltovka, which used to be from 500 to 800 thousand inhabitants.
The Russians tried to capture Kharkiv in the first days of the invasion, and Saltovka assumed the main burden of the assault. Eventually, the invaders were pushed back, and now the front line runs about 20 km from the city centre. But Saltovka remains within the reach of Russian artillery, and this reality cannot be ignored due to daily shelling.
Due to the severe stress caused by the war, there is an increase in premature birth in Ukraine. That is why the need to replenish the fleet of special neonatal reanimobiles has increased. In Kharkiv region, since the beginning of the war, 28 boys and girls aged from several hours from birth to one month have been transported in incubators to provide qualified assistance in specialised medical institutions. Neonatal reanimobiles equipped with children’s incubators are used for this purpose. Such neonatal reanimobiles save lives. It is essential to have more of them.

12-07-2022 Kharkiv during the war

Since the first day of the war, Kharkiv has been shelled by the occupiers. The city is under attack at any time of the day. The last shelling was on the night of July 12.

In Kharkiv, Russian troops destroyed a school, warehouse and a residential high-rise building. And at 10 a.m. on July 11, the city was shelled from multiple launch rocket systems. Six civilians were killed, another three dozen people were injured, including two children. According to the latest information, thirty-one civilians were wounded during the morning shelling. And the information about the condition of two children is already known. It’s a 4-year-old boy and a 16-year-old girl. Both have shrapnel wounds. Another 29 wounded are also in hospital, they have explosive injuries and shrapnel wounds.

According to the police, the Russians shelled Kharkiv with “Smerch” rocket launcher. At least 10 rockets were fired at random in the Kyiv district. And this once again confirms that the rushists are just trying to destroy the city. After all, there are no military facilities at the site of the shelling. The shopping centre, garages and a tire fitting station were destroyed. Eight people were injured in the latter, a car was passing by – it was also hit by a shell, a driver and a passenger died on the spot.

The private sector is also targeted. Several shells hit near residential buildings – several houses were burned down. The people tried their best to escape. But not everyone survived.

Now the shelling is carried out several times a day. At the moment, there is no neighbourhood in the city that is safe.

In the afternoon of July 12, Russian troops once again attacked Kharkiv, the attacks occurred in the Industrial district of the city – as a result, four victims.

But despite such an alarming situation, the life in Kharkiv goes on. Supermarkets are open, as well as pharmacies and markets, public transport runs.

05-07-2022 Kharkiv during the war

Missile strikes in Kharkiv do not stop. The day before, the occupiers fired more than fifty ballistic missiles from Belgorod. This morning around 4 am Kharkiv was hit again twice. As a result of these missile strikes, a school in Shevchenkovsky district of the city was partially destroyed.

In the north of the regional centre, Russians from time to time try to attack with infantry. The locals have heard an echo of the artillery cannonade almost around the clock for the past few days.

In Novobavarsky district, a Russian missile flew and exploded between a private house and a school. The local resident was injured. A minute before that, a whole series of explosions occurred in the Kyiv district of Kharkiv. At a distance of no more than a dozen metres from each other within a few minutes, around 5 am, four missiles exploded here at once.

The blast wave threw a heavy metal safe like a piece of paper into the sky, and then dropped it on the edge of one of the funnels. Transport and surrounding buildings were damaged by missile fragments. Small fragments dispersed over a few hundred metres from the hit site. Grad rocket launchers were used again in the afternoon to the north of Kharkiv. As a result, there are a lot of funnels in people’s gardens.

Throughout the past week, in different areas around Kharkiv, especially along the highway to Belgorod, the Russian occupiers tried to approach the regional centre again. From morning to evening, the invaders use artillery, tanks and mortars. From time to time, infantry tries to launch an assault. And every time they come across a wall of fire from Ukrainian infantry and artillerymen.

As of today, 164 primary and secondary (specialised) medical care institutions operate in the territory controlled by Ukraine in Kharkiv region, namely: 47 medical institutions of regional subordination, 68 city hospitals, 20 central district hospitals, 29 primary health care centres, outpatient clinics and paramedic and obstetric stations.

Despite regular air alarms and a permanent risk of missiles, all medical institutions in the region work as usual, as they worked before the imposition of martial law.

Before the war, about 9000 doctors and about 16000 junior specialists worked in health care institutions of Kharkiv region. To date, about 15000 healthcare workers work in the region.

All medical facilities are now provided with all necessary medicines. It became possible as a result of renewal of medical supplies and humanitarian aid from our European partners.

There were problems with the pharmacy chains in the first days of the war, when ordinary pharmacists also saved their families and did not know how to go to work when cities were bombed. However, they coped with this challenge with dignity and now pharmacies are working.

29-06-2022 Kharkiv during the war

The Armed Forces of Ukraine are controlling the situation, there is no threat of ground combat operations in Kharkiv yet. The enemy forces are not enough to break through the defense. The defenders are under constant fire, the occupiers made attempts to break through, in particular, recently there has been such an attempt in the northern direction. However, the enemy did not succeed.

The war has changed Kharkiv a lot, many residents have left the city, but at the same time many people, despite the constant shelling, are returning.

The city is completely different now. It’s so semi-empty, even though many residents have returned. And there are a lot of destroyed houses, it immediately catches the eye. Of course, it doesn’t resemble the former Kharkiv. But it turned out that Kharkiv citizens love their city very much. This is some kind of very ardent and very pinching love, and people come back not even because they count on pre-war comfort, but because they want to be here. In their homes, on their streets. It turned out that Kharkiv citizens are actually very attached to their city.

When the intensity of shelling in Kharkiv decreased in May, people began to return home en masse, but now the situation is again turbulent. People who spent the first two months somewhere in safer places and returned here hoped to see that it is safe in Kharkiv now. But it’s not safe here. And it’s clear that people again face a choice: to leave again or stay here? And this choice is actually very difficult.

Despite constant shelling and danger, Kharkiv citizens try not to use the word “war” or talk about it in private conversations. That is, it is present, everyone feels it, because the siren sounds almost every hour, and in the evening – every half hour, but this word is not used here by default. It is here, but people try not to use the words “war,” “shelling” without necessity. They try to talk about something private and routine.

21-06-2022 Kharkiv during the war

At the moment, the main efforts of Russian troops are focused on preserving the occupied borders in Kharkiv region. The occupiers are trying to prevent our units from gaining the rear of the Russian group of troops operating in the direction of Slavyansk. In addition, the invaders continue daily shelling of civil infrastructure in Kharkiv region.
The occupiers are again shelling residential areas of Kharkiv and unleashing terror against civilians. The enemy shelled the Industrial district of Kharkiv in the afternoon of June 21, according to preliminary data, seven people were injured.
In the past two weeks, shelling in the regional centre has sharply increased. On June 20, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy said during his speech at the Global Policy Forum of the Institute of International Political Studies that the Russian army was trying to gather forces to attack Kharkiv again.
COVID-19 vaccination centres continue to work in city polyclinics. According to the mayor’s office, medical institutions have sufficient supplies of “CoronaVac” vaccine and limited supplies of “Pfizer” vaccine.
The Department of Health urged Kharkiv citizens not to forget about vaccination, because in wartime the risk of developing and spreading infectious diseases increases. The most vulnerable are children and adults who have not been vaccinated at all or have not been revaccinated in time.
According to the laboratory centre, over the past 24 hours, 7 cases of coronavirus have been registered in the region, 2 of them in Kharkiv, 3 in Kharkiv district, 2 in Izyum district. A total of 307,478 cases of COVID-19 have been confirmed in the region since the beginning of the pandemic, 7,062 of which have become fatal.

14-06-2022 Kharkiv during the war

According to the information available on June 14, the hostilities near Kharkiv will intensify, while the Russian army achieves small successes. Its goal is to return artillery to positions that allow direct fire at the city’s targets. After the Armed Forces of Ukraine pushed back the Russian military almost to the border, shelling is possible only with the help of aircraft and missiles.

The human rights organisation Amnesty International reported on the use of cluster munitions by Russians while shelling Kharkiv. And it happened more than once. One of the shellings occurred in mid-April near the Kharkiv Tractor Plant, when a playground came under fire.

Russian forces have repeatedly carried out devastating and indiscriminate strikes using cluster bombs, prohibited by the international community, on populated residential areas, killing and wounding dozens of civilians. As a result of shelling, men, women and children were killed and injured in their homes and streets, playgrounds and cemeteries, standing in line for humanitarian aid or buying food.

At least nine civilians were killed and more than 35 wounded, including several children, when Russian forces used cluster munitions at Mira Street and around it in the Industrial district southeast of the city centre. This happened in the afternoon of April 15, and as a result an area of more than 700 square metres was covered. Doctors of the city clinical hospital No. 25 reported that 31 wounded were taken to hospital, two of whom died of wounds, seven more people died on the spot. It is reported that several wounded civilians were taken to other hospitals.

Since the beginning of the war, 43 higher education institutions in Ukraine have been damaged as a result of shelling by Russian occupiers, five of them have been completely destroyed. The occupiers destroy auditoriums, equipment, gyms, dormitories, assembly halls. Despite the war, universities were able to resume the educational process.

For example, the staff of V.N.Karazin Kharkiv National University, despite the terrible shelling that destroyed the buildings of the institution, managed to resume the educational process and student activities. The University continues to maintain high positions among Ukrainian higher education institutions in international rankings.

08-06-22 Kharkiv during the war

Empty streets, destroyed buildings, asphalt cut by shells – this is what the centre of Kharkiv looks like today. There are still sounds of explosions in Kharkiv, there are almost no passersby on the streets of the historical centre, and only a dozen citizens in the park.

In the legendary 108-metre Gosprom, an explosive wave partially knocked out the windows. They are countless here – with a total area of 50 thousand square metres. It was the first skyscraper in Europe built of monolithic reinforced concrete in record time – from 1925 to 1928.

Since February 24, the enemy has destroyed more than 2,000 residential buildings in Kharkiv, 500 of which cannot be restored. As of June 6, 810 residents died as a result of the war in Kharkiv region. 39 children have died since the beginning of the war.

Since the beginning of the full-scale war in Ukraine, the invaders have destroyed 105 health care institutions. The medical infrastructure of Donetsk region was affected the most – 74 medical institutions were destroyed in the region.

Two types of attacks on medical facilities are recorded. Aimed and indiscriminate, when a medical institution is not a target, but the territory on which it is located is shelled from different types of weapons. According to the Geneva Convention of 1949, both the first and second types are war crimes.

The belligerents must avoid destroying civil infrastructure. And hospitals in the mentioned convention are listed separately as a special type of civil infrastructure. First of all, a hospital is an object of increased humanitarian importance. Secondly, it is impossible to stop the work of a hospital during the war, even if hostilities are taking place. Most often, the Russian military use the tactics of massive, carpet shelling of territories, where civilians live and where the majority of hospitals are located.

01-06-2022 Kharkiv during the war

The Russians continue to shell Kharkiv infrastructure with multiple rocket launchers. The enemy struck the Kyiv district of the city, as a result of which the apartment building and a car of rescuers of the state emergency service were damaged.

Invaders are shelling from the north and north-eastern direction of Kharkiv region, while the armed forces of Ukraine hold their positions and constantly fight for every metre of our territory. They are really successful in pushing the enemy away from the city. It became a little quieter in Kharkiv, but it’s too early to be on the streets, as shells can fly anywhere in the city. Shelling is carried out from artillery, from multiple rocket launchers “Smerch” and “Hurricane”. Given the range of these rocket systems, the Russian Federation can even fire from its own territory.

Thus, during the shelling on May 26, the number of victims reached 9 people, another 19 were injured. Among the dead was a 5-month-old child. His body was not immediately found, it was on the house visor. An explosive wave tore the baby out of his father’s hands and threw him aside. The man died, the child’s mother is in a critical condition in the hospital. One of the dead was hiding from the shelling in the corridor of her apartment. The “two walls” rule in this case did not work — a fragment of a shell went through the walls. Among the 19 wounded there is a 9-year-old girl. She was operated on, but recovery from injury will take a long time.

Three employees of the Kharkiv Regional Centre for Emergency Medical Care and Disaster Medicine were awarded honorary titles. The corresponding decree was signed by the President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy.

On March 20, Kharkiv regional military and civil administration sent a humanitarian convoy with food and medicines to Volchansk, captured by the Russians. The convoy was travelling along a pre-agreed route. The Russians promised to provide a green corridor, but did not keep their word.
The invaders stopped the cars at the entrance to Volchansk. Drivers and a doctor were held hostage at the recreation centre for almost a day. In the morning, all six were sent on foot in the direction of Kharkiv. The men walked six kilometres. At the Ukrainian checkpoint, they were met by soldiers, who handed them over to doctors for assistance. On the evening of March 21, they all returned to Kharkiv.

25-05-22 Kharkiv during the war

Ukraine’s armed forces cause damage to the enemy. Gradually they occupy strategic heights and counterattack. For two weeks our defenders liberated 23 settlements in Kharkiv region. However, the shelling of residential areas of Kharkiv continues.

As for the issues of restoring business activity, it is clear that as long as there is no security and confidence in the future, no one will plan any kind of systemic activity. Now it is difficult to predict ways of business activity recovery after the war.

The metro started working in Kharkiv for the first time since the beginning of the war. Some train carriages were damaged during the bombardments, so the city authorities are not able to operate all the trains. Thousands of people were hiding in the metro from Russian airstrikes. Over the past three days, about 200 people who lost their homes have been resettled.

Doctors of Kharkiv hospitals and outpatient clinics partially resume the reception of patients as well as the provision of certain diagnostic procedures. The fastest-recovering businesses are those providing services: small cafes, hairdressers, beauty salons. We already witness a revival in the service sector, because this sector is the fastest to recover. There are no complex operational processes there, there is no need for broad cooperative ties.

If we talk about priority areas, first of all, this is the production of essential goods and food, as well as services that the population needs during and after the war. This is a high-tech business in the defense sector – everything related to equipment and military weapons.

But the most important thing for a successful recovery of entrepreneurial activity is a sense of security. As soon as it becomes really safe, the business development of the city, region and local communities will begin.

17-05-2022 Kharkiv during the war

Ukrainian troops prevented the encirclement of Kharkiv and displaced the Russian military from its neighbourhood. In recent days, Russian troops near Kharkiv, with rare exceptions, have not tried to maintain their positions in the face of counterattacks by Ukrainian forces. Russian forces have focused on conducting an orderly withdrawal of their units, instead of trying to hold positions near the city.

For several days now, Russian troops have not been shelling Kharkiv at all. At the same time, air strikes in Kharkiv region continue. Retreating, the Russian military mine the territory of Kharkiv region. There are active hostilities there. The enemy is retreating. The retreat is accompanied by mining absolutely everything: residential buildings, forest belts, roadsides, using different technologies, including remote mining.

In Kharkiv, the only genetic plant bank in Ukraine was destroyed because of Russian shelling. It was one of the largest in the world and it survived World War II. However, the Russians burned it completely. More than 160,000 varieties and hybrids of plants from around the world were stored there. There have been only a few such banks in the world. The seeds were stored in special storage facilities. They were being prepared for sowing and since March the employees had to sow a collection of plants.

More than ten UN agencies are working on a master plan for the reconstruction of Ukrainian Kharkiv, which has been shelled by Russian troops for more than two months. Experts assume that Russia will be defeated.

The master plan is being developed by the English architect Lord Norman Foster. He believes that this is an opportunity to combine the legacy of the past with new technologies necessary to create the city of the future.

“This is an opportunity to make the city even more majestic in the future than it was in the past. This is an opportunity to make it more dynamic and more advanced in terms of trends, technology, industry – everything that makes the city beautiful,” Lord Foster said.

10-05-22 Kharkiv during the war

Kharkiv business is learning to work during the war. Despite shelling, coffee shops reopened, medical centres accept patients, hairdressers serve customers, and couriers deliver pizza under artillery shelling.
In the first weeks of the war in Kharkiv you could only buy food. Now each district is like a separate city: some do not even have grocery stores, which work, others have cafes, beauty salons and private clinics.
The market of cosmetology services is also coming to life. There are several salons and private cosmetologists in the city, where you can do almost any procedure – from depilation to Botox injections.
Kharkiv citizens have access not only to cosmetology, but also to large-scale medical procedures. There are several private clinics in the city with a wide range of services: from laboratory tests to removal of benign tumours.

Many potential clients of cafes, beauty salons and clinics cannot visit them yet. The reason is not only that people are unemployed and have no money to pay for services. Even those who have savings often cannot get out of their neighbourhood. Taxis are expensive, they are used only in case of emergency. Therefore, until public transport resumes its work in the city, most enterprises, large and small, will stand idle.
The city authorities call on entrepreneurs who evacuated from Kharkiv during the war not to wait long and return to the city. The city is already negotiating with international investors that will help restore Kharkiv’s economy. The mayor of Kharkiv recommended that entrepreneurs make arrangements for the future life in Kharkiv after the war: make plans, create business projects.

04-05-2022 Health care system of Ukraine under conditions of war

During the war, the Ukrainian health care system not only survived, but continues to develop. To date, our hospitals continue to carry out the most complex emergency operations, planned transplantations, the blood service is actively working.
The war has revealed weaknesses in all spheres of public administration, and medicine is no exception. One of the most painful lessons was the lack of full-fledged bomb shelters at medical institutions.
Basements, which with great reserve were called shelters, often turned into mass graves during massive shelling. The lack of an autonomous ventilation, water supply system and strong ceilings makes them unsuitable even as a shelter for healthy people. There is no need to talk about the long stay of seriously ill patients in need of therapy.
Now many hospitals located in cities without hostilities have already been equipped with basements. In case of emergency, doctors will even be able to perform operations there, but this is not the level necessary for full-fledged work. It will be necessary to work on it after the end of the war.
Also in the future, it is necessary to create and constantly monitor the reserve supplies of medicines and other necessary means, which at a critical moment were lacking in Ukrainian hospitals. And in connection with the threat of the use of chemical weapons, the issue of providing means of protection not only for military but also for civilians has become acute.
The same applies to vaccination. The long stay of a large number of people in confined spaces (basements, subways, shelters), as well as getting injured with subsequent infection, leads to the development of dangerous diseases affecting unvaccinated people. We need to return to a clear regulated vaccination calendar not only among children, but also among adults. This will protect citizens from possible consequences of natural or man-made disasters, as well as reduce risks during hostilities.
The system of remote access to medical care needs to be improved, as well as planning for emergencies. In such cases, the major hospitals throughout Ukraine should have a sufficient supply of medicines, the required number of beds and doctors ready to work in the event of force majeure.
In addition, medical facilities in towns most affected by the war should become a separate point in the post-war recovery of the health system.

The main challenge to the system after the end of the war will be the issue of medical personnel. The organisation of work at the local level will require new management decisions, which will not be restricted to the search for specialists. The latest technologies will have to be introduced to compensate for the shortage of personnel.

27-04-2022 – Health care system of Ukraine under conditions of war

The Ukrainian health care system was not exemplary even in peacetime. The war had every chance to destroy the system finally, but instead pushed the government and local experts to find effective solutions, thanks to which medicine in the country not only survived, but also continued to develop.
To date, 347 health care institutions have been damaged in Ukraine, 36 of them have been destroyed. In addition, 78 ambulances were destroyed.

Surviving hospitals often have no electricity and water supply, and if they are located in towns captured by the invaders, there are also no supplies of the necessary medicines. Doctors have to work on-site, replacing sterile operating rooms with basements and bomb shelters. In some towns, medical staff do not leave the hospital, which has become their second home, around the clock.
There is an outflow of medical personnel from areas of active hostilities. Most of the doctors in Ukraine, as well as around the world, are women, many of them have children. While fleeing from shelling, they were forced to evacuate to the western regions of the country or abroad. Among medical staff who remained, many were mobilised to help soldiers on the front line.
As a result, there are a number of towns and villages that are regularly bombed, without properly functioning hospitals and the necessary number of doctors. At the same time, most of the population living there today are elderly people who are in need of medical control of chronic diseases.
When the military administration encourages residents to evacuate, it is important to realise that this is done not only because of the direct threat to life due to shelling. Such decisions are made also on the basis of an assessment of the health situation in the region.

Access of citizens to medical care in the occupied territories is a big problem today. After capturing a town, the invaders are unable to meet the basic needs of the population either in terms of food or health care.
In those regions of Ukraine where there are no active hostilities, a number of steps have been taken for the normal functioning of medical institutions.

In particular:

  • When martial law is in effect, access to primary care is not connected with declarations, signed with family doctors. Citizens can contact any primary health care doctor or an outpatient clinic. Appointments to specialists are not tied to a medical institution either.
  • Patients with cancer are sent for treatment to other cities and regions and this process is devoid of a bureaucratic component. They don’t need to collect certificates and register at a new location.
  • The procurement system for hospitals has been simplified. Thanks to the well-coordinated work of the Ministry of Health and volunteers, medical institutions are equipped with both medicines and food in full, and sometimes beyond measure.
  • There are no problems with financing either. During the hostilities, the procedure was simplified by dividing the planned annual sum into 12 months, thus saving hospitals from unnecessary bureaucratic delays.
  •  Ukrainian military doctors have extensive experience in conducting complex operations and treating seriously wounded soldiers since 2014-2015. Knowing about such successful treatment, foreign doctors have come to Ukraine over the past 8 years to exchange experience.

Prof Oleksii Korzh
Head of the Department of General Practice-Family Medicine (Kharkiv Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education)

14-06-2022 Kharkiv during the war

According to the information available on June 14, the hostilities near Kharkiv will intensify, while the Russian army achieves small successes. Its goal is to return artillery to positions that allow direct fire at the city’s targets. After the Armed Forces of Ukraine pushed back the Russian military almost to the border, shelling is possible only with the help of aircraft and missiles.

The human rights organisation Amnesty International reported on the use of cluster munitions by Russians while shelling Kharkiv. And it happened more than once. One of the shellings occurred in mid-April near the Kharkiv Tractor Plant, when a playground came under fire.

Russian forces have repeatedly carried out devastating and indiscriminate strikes using cluster bombs, prohibited by the international community, on populated residential areas, killing and wounding dozens of civilians. As a result of shelling, men, women and children were killed and injured in their homes and streets, playgrounds and cemeteries, standing in line for humanitarian aid or buying food.

At least nine civilians were killed and more than 35 wounded, including several children, when Russian forces used cluster munitions at Mira Street and around it in the Industrial district southeast of the city centre. This happened in the afternoon of April 15, and as a result an area of more than 700 square metres was covered. Doctors of the city clinical hospital No. 25 reported that 31 wounded were taken to hospital, two of whom died of wounds, seven more people died on the spot. It is reported that several wounded civilians were taken to other hospitals.

Since the beginning of the war, 43 higher education institutions in Ukraine have been damaged as a result of shelling by Russian occupiers, five of them have been completely destroyed. The occupiers destroy auditoriums, equipment, gyms, dormitories, assembly halls. Despite the war, universities were able to resume the educational process.

For example, the staff of V.N.Karazin Kharkiv National University, despite the terrible shelling that destroyed the buildings of the institution, managed to resume the educational process and student activities. The University continues to maintain high positions among Ukrainian higher education institutions in international rankings.

08-06-22 Kharkiv during the war

Empty streets, destroyed buildings, asphalt cut by shells – this is what the centre of Kharkiv looks like today. There are still sounds of explosions in Kharkiv, there are almost no passersby on the streets of the historical centre, and only a dozen citizens in the park.

In the legendary 108-metre Gosprom, an explosive wave partially knocked out the windows. They are countless here – with a total area of 50 thousand square metres. It was the first skyscraper in Europe built of monolithic reinforced concrete in record time – from 1925 to 1928.

Since February 24, the enemy has destroyed more than 2,000 residential buildings in Kharkiv, 500 of which cannot be restored. As of June 6, 810 residents died as a result of the war in Kharkiv region. 39 children have died since the beginning of the war.

Since the beginning of the full-scale war in Ukraine, the invaders have destroyed 105 health care institutions. The medical infrastructure of Donetsk region was affected the most – 74 medical institutions were destroyed in the region.

Two types of attacks on medical facilities are recorded. Aimed and indiscriminate, when a medical institution is not a target, but the territory on which it is located is shelled from different types of weapons. According to the Geneva Convention of 1949, both the first and second types are war crimes.

The belligerents must avoid destroying civil infrastructure. And hospitals in the mentioned convention are listed separately as a special type of civil infrastructure. First of all, a hospital is an object of increased humanitarian importance. Secondly, it is impossible to stop the work of a hospital during the war, even if hostilities are taking place. Most often, the Russian military use the tactics of massive, carpet shelling of territories, where civilians live and where the majority of hospitals are located.

01-06-2022 Kharkiv during the war

The Russians continue to shell Kharkiv infrastructure with multiple rocket launchers. The enemy struck the Kyiv district of the city, as a result of which the apartment building and a car of rescuers of the state emergency service were damaged.

Invaders are shelling from the north and north-eastern direction of Kharkiv region, while the armed forces of Ukraine hold their positions and constantly fight for every metre of our territory. They are really successful in pushing the enemy away from the city. It became a little quieter in Kharkiv, but it’s too early to be on the streets, as shells can fly anywhere in the city. Shelling is carried out from artillery, from multiple rocket launchers “Smerch” and “Hurricane”. Given the range of these rocket systems, the Russian Federation can even fire from its own territory.

Thus, during the shelling on May 26, the number of victims reached 9 people, another 19 were injured. Among the dead was a 5-month-old child. His body was not immediately found, it was on the house visor. An explosive wave tore the baby out of his father’s hands and threw him aside. The man died, the child’s mother is in a critical condition in the hospital. One of the dead was hiding from the shelling in the corridor of her apartment. The “two walls” rule in this case did not work — a fragment of a shell went through the walls. Among the 19 wounded there is a 9-year-old girl. She was operated on, but recovery from injury will take a long time.

Three employees of the Kharkiv Regional Centre for Emergency Medical Care and Disaster Medicine were awarded honorary titles. The corresponding decree was signed by the President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy.

On March 20, Kharkiv regional military and civil administration sent a humanitarian convoy with food and medicines to Volchansk, captured by the Russians. The convoy was travelling along a pre-agreed route. The Russians promised to provide a green corridor, but did not keep their word.
The invaders stopped the cars at the entrance to Volchansk. Drivers and a doctor were held hostage at the recreation centre for almost a day. In the morning, all six were sent on foot in the direction of Kharkiv. The men walked six kilometres. At the Ukrainian checkpoint, they were met by soldiers, who handed them over to doctors for assistance. On the evening of March 21, they all returned to Kharkiv.

25-05-22 Kharkiv during the war

Ukraine’s armed forces cause damage to the enemy. Gradually they occupy strategic heights and counterattack. For two weeks our defenders liberated 23 settlements in Kharkiv region. However, the shelling of residential areas of Kharkiv continues.

As for the issues of restoring business activity, it is clear that as long as there is no security and confidence in the future, no one will plan any kind of systemic activity. Now it is difficult to predict ways of business activity recovery after the war.

The metro started working in Kharkiv for the first time since the beginning of the war. Some train carriages were damaged during the bombardments, so the city authorities are not able to operate all the trains. Thousands of people were hiding in the metro from Russian airstrikes. Over the past three days, about 200 people who lost their homes have been resettled.

Doctors of Kharkiv hospitals and outpatient clinics partially resume the reception of patients as well as the provision of certain diagnostic procedures. The fastest-recovering businesses are those providing services: small cafes, hairdressers, beauty salons. We already witness a revival in the service sector, because this sector is the fastest to recover. There are no complex operational processes there, there is no need for broad cooperative ties.

If we talk about priority areas, first of all, this is the production of essential goods and food, as well as services that the population needs during and after the war. This is a high-tech business in the defense sector – everything related to equipment and military weapons.

But the most important thing for a successful recovery of entrepreneurial activity is a sense of security. As soon as it becomes really safe, the business development of the city, region and local communities will begin.

17-05-2022 Kharkiv during the war

Ukrainian troops prevented the encirclement of Kharkiv and displaced the Russian military from its neighbourhood. In recent days, Russian troops near Kharkiv, with rare exceptions, have not tried to maintain their positions in the face of counterattacks by Ukrainian forces. Russian forces have focused on conducting an orderly withdrawal of their units, instead of trying to hold positions near the city.

For several days now, Russian troops have not been shelling Kharkiv at all. At the same time, air strikes in Kharkiv region continue. Retreating, the Russian military mine the territory of Kharkiv region. There are active hostilities there. The enemy is retreating. The retreat is accompanied by mining absolutely everything: residential buildings, forest belts, roadsides, using different technologies, including remote mining.

In Kharkiv, the only genetic plant bank in Ukraine was destroyed because of Russian shelling. It was one of the largest in the world and it survived World War II. However, the Russians burned it completely. More than 160,000 varieties and hybrids of plants from around the world were stored there. There have been only a few such banks in the world. The seeds were stored in special storage facilities. They were being prepared for sowing and since March the employees had to sow a collection of plants.

More than ten UN agencies are working on a master plan for the reconstruction of Ukrainian Kharkiv, which has been shelled by Russian troops for more than two months. Experts assume that Russia will be defeated.

The master plan is being developed by the English architect Lord Norman Foster. He believes that this is an opportunity to combine the legacy of the past with new technologies necessary to create the city of the future.

“This is an opportunity to make the city even more majestic in the future than it was in the past. This is an opportunity to make it more dynamic and more advanced in terms of trends, technology, industry – everything that makes the city beautiful,” Lord Foster said.

10-05-22 Kharkiv during the war

Kharkiv business is learning to work during the war. Despite shelling, coffee shops reopened, medical centres accept patients, hairdressers serve customers, and couriers deliver pizza under artillery shelling.
In the first weeks of the war in Kharkiv you could only buy food. Now each district is like a separate city: some do not even have grocery stores, which work, others have cafes, beauty salons and private clinics.
The market of cosmetology services is also coming to life. There are several salons and private cosmetologists in the city, where you can do almost any procedure – from depilation to Botox injections.
Kharkiv citizens have access not only to cosmetology, but also to large-scale medical procedures. There are several private clinics in the city with a wide range of services: from laboratory tests to removal of benign tumours.

Many potential clients of cafes, beauty salons and clinics cannot visit them yet. The reason is not only that people are unemployed and have no money to pay for services. Even those who have savings often cannot get out of their neighbourhood. Taxis are expensive, they are used only in case of emergency. Therefore, until public transport resumes its work in the city, most enterprises, large and small, will stand idle.
The city authorities call on entrepreneurs who evacuated from Kharkiv during the war not to wait long and return to the city. The city is already negotiating with international investors that will help restore Kharkiv’s economy. The mayor of Kharkiv recommended that entrepreneurs make arrangements for the future life in Kharkiv after the war: make plans, create business projects.

04-05-2022 Health care system of Ukraine under conditions of war

During the war, the Ukrainian health care system not only survived, but continues to develop. To date, our hospitals continue to carry out the most complex emergency operations, planned transplantations, the blood service is actively working.
The war has revealed weaknesses in all spheres of public administration, and medicine is no exception. One of the most painful lessons was the lack of full-fledged bomb shelters at medical institutions.
Basements, which with great reserve were called shelters, often turned into mass graves during massive shelling. The lack of an autonomous ventilation, water supply system and strong ceilings makes them unsuitable even as a shelter for healthy people. There is no need to talk about the long stay of seriously ill patients in need of therapy.
Now many hospitals located in cities without hostilities have already been equipped with basements. In case of emergency, doctors will even be able to perform operations there, but this is not the level necessary for full-fledged work. It will be necessary to work on it after the end of the war.
Also in the future, it is necessary to create and constantly monitor the reserve supplies of medicines and other necessary means, which at a critical moment were lacking in Ukrainian hospitals. And in connection with the threat of the use of chemical weapons, the issue of providing means of protection not only for military but also for civilians has become acute.
The same applies to vaccination. The long stay of a large number of people in confined spaces (basements, subways, shelters), as well as getting injured with subsequent infection, leads to the development of dangerous diseases affecting unvaccinated people. We need to return to a clear regulated vaccination calendar not only among children, but also among adults. This will protect citizens from possible consequences of natural or man-made disasters, as well as reduce risks during hostilities.
The system of remote access to medical care needs to be improved, as well as planning for emergencies. In such cases, the major hospitals throughout Ukraine should have a sufficient supply of medicines, the required number of beds and doctors ready to work in the event of force majeure.
In addition, medical facilities in towns most affected by the war should become a separate point in the post-war recovery of the health system.

The main challenge to the system after the end of the war will be the issue of medical personnel. The organisation of work at the local level will require new management decisions, which will not be restricted to the search for specialists. The latest technologies will have to be introduced to compensate for the shortage of personnel.

27-04-2022 – Health care system of Ukraine under conditions of war

The Ukrainian health care system was not exemplary even in peacetime. The war had every chance to destroy the system finally, but instead pushed the government and local experts to find effective solutions, thanks to which medicine in the country not only survived, but also continued to develop.
To date, 347 health care institutions have been damaged in Ukraine, 36 of them have been destroyed. In addition, 78 ambulances were destroyed.

Surviving hospitals often have no electricity and water supply, and if they are located in towns captured by the invaders, there are also no supplies of the necessary medicines. Doctors have to work on-site, replacing sterile operating rooms with basements and bomb shelters. In some towns, medical staff do not leave the hospital, which has become their second home, around the clock.
There is an outflow of medical personnel from areas of active hostilities. Most of the doctors in Ukraine, as well as around the world, are women, many of them have children. While fleeing from shelling, they were forced to evacuate to the western regions of the country or abroad. Among medical staff who remained, many were mobilised to help soldiers on the front line.
As a result, there are a number of towns and villages that are regularly bombed, without properly functioning hospitals and the necessary number of doctors. At the same time, most of the population living there today are elderly people who are in need of medical control of chronic diseases.
When the military administration encourages residents to evacuate, it is important to realise that this is done not only because of the direct threat to life due to shelling. Such decisions are made also on the basis of an assessment of the health situation in the region.

Access of citizens to medical care in the occupied territories is a big problem today. After capturing a town, the invaders are unable to meet the basic needs of the population either in terms of food or health care.
In those regions of Ukraine where there are no active hostilities, a number of steps have been taken for the normal functioning of medical institutions.

In particular:

  • When martial law is in effect, access to primary care is not connected with declarations, signed with family doctors. Citizens can contact any primary health care doctor or an outpatient clinic. Appointments to specialists are not tied to a medical institution either.
  • Patients with cancer are sent for treatment to other cities and regions and this process is devoid of a bureaucratic component. They don’t need to collect certificates and register at a new location.
  • The procurement system for hospitals has been simplified. Thanks to the well-coordinated work of the Ministry of Health and volunteers, medical institutions are equipped with both medicines and food in full, and sometimes beyond measure.
  • There are no problems with financing either. During the hostilities, the procedure was simplified by dividing the planned annual sum into 12 months, thus saving hospitals from unnecessary bureaucratic delays.
  •  Ukrainian military doctors have extensive experience in conducting complex operations and treating seriously wounded soldiers since 2014-2015. Knowing about such successful treatment, foreign doctors have come to Ukraine over the past 8 years to exchange experience.

20-04-2022 – Work of Kharkiv doctors under conditions of war
Healthcare institutions in Kharkiv have not stopped working since the beginning of Russia’s full-scale invasion in Ukraine, all of them work under martial law.
Hospitals do not perform scheduled operations, but if a patient needs urgent care, on which his health or life depends, and his condition can become severe, the full range of health services is provided.
Inpatient departments are about half full, there are not more patients than before the war. Hospitals provide emergency surgeries, childbirth services, chronic diseases and outpatient treatment. Now hospitals are equipped with almost everything necessary. Consumables and medicines are available. Humanitarian aid is constantly provided.
There are not enough staff because some medical workers have left, and some can’t physically get to work. That’s why doctors help each other and learn to do work that they didn’t do in peacetime.
In addition, after the introduction of martial law, polyclinic doctors were transferred to work on-call shifts and provide remote counselling. All polyclinics have on-call medical offices, where family doctors and specialist doctors provide the necessary assistance. Healthcare institutions also vaccinate against coronavirus, vaccine preventable diseases and conduct necessary tests.

Besides, medical teams travel to bomb shelters or subway stations to examine people and provide them with the necessary medicines. They do not set aside lonely and elderly citizens, if possible, examine them at home, deliver the necessary medicines. A system of communication, interaction and exchange of information between all medical institutions has been established. Doctors are ready to provide maximum medical care to all those in need and do everything that depends on them.

12-04-2022

Primary care professionals have been on the frontlines of the russian invasion, especially in eastern Ukraine even while continuing to work in ambulatories and clinics.

The whole process of family doctors’ work in Kharkiv and Kharkiv region has been reformatted in the name of security: after the imposition of martial law, family doctors have been transferred to the mode of duty and remote counseling.

Therefore, those who can, our family doctors consult online or by phone. Those who need a personal appointment, come by prior arrangement with their doctor. Everyone is separated in time so that there are as few people as possible in the building of the clinic at a time. Those who do not have visits in the offices should always be in touch with patients, advise people through Viber cameras, other messengers or communication channels.

Family doctors are learning to be both psychologists and sub-specialists, because there is a lack of both. With the beginning of the war, the number of patients decreased in all doctors, and the following pattern emerged: those patients who remained have a much easier attitude to treatment of somatic diseases.

If we talk about chronic diseases, there is a sharp increase in patients with hypertension, who are sensitive and negative to stress, and in general with diseases of the cardiovascular system, including young people. Moreover, experienced patients complain that the drugs they have always taken do not remove the symptoms, their action is simply not enough.

Fear, anxiety, panic, in which people are currently around the clock, have the strongest impact on patients with kidney disease, gastrointestinal tract, coronary heart disease, diabetes. People with thyroid disease are very prone to stress. But, by and large, any somatics now easily turns into psychosomatics and becomes more complicated. We see this every day: unfortunately, the number of neuroses, depressions and hysterical syndromes has greatly increased.

In addition to medical work, postgraduate training of family physicians at the Department of General Practice-Family Medicine of Kharkiv Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education continues using distance educational technologies. Teachers of the Department give lectures remotely, as well as conduct interactive seminars.

Distance learning is the most optimal form in the system of continuing medical education during the war, as it helps to solve a number of problems arising for a certified specialist due to different approaches to work and study, in particular, in case of partial separation from work or the impossibility of separation from work (the difference between workers shifts and duty schedules for trained doctors, etc.).

Distance learning demonstrates its flexibility through the skillful combination of various types of distance learning technologies: without the presence of a teacher in the case of mastering the theoretical part of the course, with the partial presence of a teacher during practical and seminars in parallel with traditional teaching methods.

Postgraduate education of primary care physicians during the war  caused a change in approaches to the organization of the educational process, methodological training of teachers to implement innovations, facilitation of adaptation to learning, search and justification of forms, methods and technologies of distance learning.

06-04-2022

The medical system of Ukraine has switched to military rails so that Ukrainians do not suffer from the lack of medicines and price increases.
Today, the provision of health care comes from several sources. Basic health care services are provided by health facilities and hospitals to patients both after injuries and after polytrauma, as well as to those patients who received medical care during peacetime, in particular those with chronic diseases and cancer.

Military logistics has been created. Its one direction with medicines and humanitarian supplies goes from west to east of the country, and in the opposite direction there is transportation of patients with serious diseases who have lost the opportunity to receive the necessary treatment due to hostilities.
Significant assistance is provided by international partners supplying medicines in the form of humanitarian goods, which are immediately redistributed to health facilities with the most critical need.
There are separately formed packages of medicines, which in case of opening of humanitarian convoys are transferred to those territories where the invadors do not allow transportation by conventional logistics routes.
Regarding prices in pharmacies – the resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine defines a list of goods and certain medicines for which daily price monitoring is established. The State Service of Ukraine on medicines and drugs control provides monitoring.

Since 24 February 2022, 274 hospitals have been shelled in Ukraine, 13 have been completely destroyed – they are not subject to restoration, 70 ambulances have already been destroyed by shelling and mines, 6 medical workers have been killed, 20 have been seriously wounded. Medical assistance teams are shelled and kidnapped, as was the case with the ambulance brigade of Kharkiv, which went with humanitarian goods to occupied Vovchansk.

30-03-2022

As a result of hostilities in Kharkiv, 1,410 infrastructure facilities were destroyed, most of which are multi-storey residential buildings.

Thus, since the beginning of the war, 1,177 residential multi-storey buildings have been destroyed, 53 kindergartens, 69 schools and 15 hospitals were also damaged by shelling. People have moved to schools, kindergartens, bomb shelters, basements, subway stations.

This morning, Russian invaders shelled a polyclinic in the Osnovyansky district of Kharkiv, where the humanitarian aid delivery center is located. Four people were killed and three were injured. There is no military facility nearby.

On the morning of March 27, in the basement of a house on Saltovka, a 28-old Kharkiv woman gave birth to a girl weighing 2400 grams and 50 centimeters tall. The child was healthy with an Apgar score of 7-8. The 404th emergency medical care brigade delivered the baby.

Long queues are formed daily near pharmacies. At the same time, many medicines are not available now and Kharkiv citizens (especially the elderly) ask for help from volunteers, who, if possible, always respond and get the necessary pills. Hospitals continue to work, and doctors actively answer residents’ phone calls.

Utilities workers promptly eliminate the consequences of accidents caused by shelling – localize defects on in-house heating networks, replace pipelines damaged by shelling, as well as repair, inspect and put into operation boiler houses. Sometimes there is no Internet, but it is usually restored within three days.

The horrors of the war united the Ukrainian nation. In Kharkiv, hundreds of people of different occupations have become volunteers. Businessmen deliver the humanitarian aid within the city and respond to any written requests from the residents.

23-03-2022 

Since the beginning of the full-scale invasion, Russian troops have destroyed almost one thousand buildings in Kharkiv, most of them are apartment buildings.
972 buildings, including 778 high-rise buildings, were damaged.
The regional civil defence administration reported that damage in the region was done to:

  • 30 kindergartens;
  • 9 hospitals in different districts of Kharkiv;
  • emergency medical centre;
  • boarding school for children with visual impairments;
  • Kharkiv regional centre of children’s and youth creativity;
  • Karazin Kharkiv National University.

Everything is done to ensure the normal functioning of health care and the provision of medical services. Kharkiv region received 17 cars for emergency medical care from volunteers.
Interruptions in the supply of medicines occur only in towns where military operations take place. At least three wholesale drug warehouses were damaged as a result of shelling by Putin’s troops – in the towns of Irpin and Mila, Kyiv region, as well as in Kharkiv. But at present there is no shortage of medicines in the country.

Medical care courses have been opened at the Southern railway station in Kharkiv. Those who attend first aid courses are taught to help people with cardiac arrest, heart attacks, strokes, severe bleeding resulting from traffic accidents or injuries. Participants also get basic knowledge of how to deal with stranglement, drowning, epilepsy, burns, frostbite, injuries and other life-threatening situations. At the end of the course, all its students receive certificates.

18-03-2022 

Kharkiv and Kharkiv region were among the first areas, which were attacked by Russia. From the beginning of the war the Russian army invaded towns and villages on the north-east of the region, and Kharkiv appeared under the heavy shelling. A building of the Kharkiv region administration was destroyed by a missile strike on 1 March.

The Russian army probably expected that it would be met with flowers, bread and salt. Instead it faced a fierce resistance of the Ukrainian army and ordinary people, who, to put it mildly, don’t wait for them here, but resist on every centimeter of the Ukrainian land. Russia would like Ukrainian citizens evacuate by the proposed corridors to the Russian borders. This definitely won’t happen, people will never go there. That’s why Russia simply destroys the city so that it doesn’t exist anymore. Russians are constantly shelling living districts, where there is no military infrastructure or plants. A lot of children are killed.

During the war against Ukraine Russian invaders caused damage to 117 hospitals, out of which 7 cannot be restored. Besides, they shelled 43 ambulances and continue to do so.

Josep Borrell, High Representative of the EU for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, condemned the Russian shelling of civilian objects in Kharkiv, the second largest city in Ukraine. “The shelling against civilian infrastructure yesterday in Kharkiv violated the laws of war. The EU stands unwavering at the side of Ukraine in these dramatic moments.” the EU foreign policy chief wrote on Tuesday, 1 March 2022 in his Twitter.